Geopolitics in the time of Novichok: Russian Influence Operations against Britain

The attempted murder of an exchanged Russian former agent in Wiltshire using a nerve agent particular to Russia, is one of the most dramatic recent provocations from the Russian Federation, which gives a clear indication of Russia’s Strategic intent.

The attack was against a double agent who would have virtually no practical or symbolic value to anyone, using a method so specific that it could only have come from the former Soviet Union. The Russians have not even mounted a vigorous defence, they have simply dismissed the claims with contempt.

What does this mean:

The attack can be seen as another phase in Russia’s campaign of Hybrid warfare against its enemies and rivals, much like the Russian operation in Crimea, the influence operation against the US elections and against other European elections.

This was clearly a strategic operation designed to have a strategic effect that can be specifically tied to Brexit and a reshaping of the post US/ UK era.

Brexit is the final stage of a series of crises from the Eurozone financial crises, to the wave of illegal migrants that have exposed divisions in the European Union, putting the 3 great powers of Europe, UK, France and Germany in competition.

Brexit has also ruptured Britain’s internal unity, within the Cabinet, political parties and the population at large. It threatens to fracture the Kingdom, giving Scottish independence a second wind and apparently achieving for Northern Irish nationalists what 38 years of armed struggle could not.

As Russia comes up to a general election it struggles with a moribund economy, a vocal if impotent opposition and several frozen conflicts in Syria, Ukraine an Islamic insurgency in the Caucasus and other conflicts in her near abroad.

In this context this crisis can be seen as an unparalleled opportunity to generate internal popular support, rupture European unity, and the US/ UK special relationship.

Within the EU, the effect on national economies of sanctions on Russia, the dependence on Russian gas have dampened the enthusiasm for further actions on Russia. The UK has lost its leadership role due to the fractious Brexit debate but even prior to that massive defence cuts have weakened the elements of the British Armed Forces that actually concern Russia and have allowed it to have credibility on the continent. The UKs enthusiastic welcome to Russian individuals and money of dubious extraction whilst at the same time engaging Russia with sanctions means the UK is vulnerable to a loss of a huge amount of funds and business as well as accusations of hypocrisy.

The US is struggling with its internal divisions generated by the 2016 elections. President Trumps inexperienced administration has generated a huge amount of controversy and is vulnerable to accusations of collaborating with Russia to win the election. The allegations of kompromat have done almost as good a job as any actual kompromat would have, leaving the US with an incoherent and disjointed foreign policy.

The attempted murder of a Russian dissident in such an obvious manner is propaganda of the deed in extremis, a clear message to allies and opponents of Russia of their resolve and capabilities. The fact that it was so public and obvious shows Russia has the means to reach its enemy’s and does not fear the consequences. Equally important is the reaction of the UK; such a public attack is the equivalent of shooting a few bullets in the direction of your enemy to make him respond. Britain’s credibility and ability to project power post Brexit depends on her response and how much support is given by friends and allies, a form of strategic reconnaissance by force.

Taking all these into account Russia’s alleged actions can be considered to  have 4 key objectives, generate popular support within Russia, demonstrate Britain’s weakness, separate Britain from the EU and separate Britain from the US.

Britain’s weakness:

Russian dissidents and exiles have died in the UK in much more conventional yet suspicious circumstances with a fairly tepid response from the UK. Litvinenko’s public enquiry was actively resisted by the current Prime Minister as Home Secretary. Britain’s greed for Russian oligarch money makes the UK corrupt and vulnerable in Russian eyes. The continuous denuding of Britain’s armed forces as well as the strategic defeats and operational challenges of UK Armed Forces in Afghanistan and Iraq also demonstrate weakness in Russia’s eyes. Brexit thus constitutes the final element of this decline, in that Britain’s ability to have an influence on the EU will end in 2019, whilst the bad blood from the negotiations will likely poison bilateral relations. Britain’s influence in NATO is likewise denuded by its falling military strength. A public humiliation such as this demonstrates Britain’s weakness to its leadership but to its population, further fomenting internal upheaval.

Britain and the EU:

Britain is already separating from the EU and is doing a fairly good job of alienating European partners by itself, making the task of creating and coordinating a unified response to Russian provocations difficult. This again demonstrates Britain’s weakness but also serves as a warning to other European powers that actions against Russia will most likely not be supported by their peers. The sanctions regime is unpopular in many European countries due to the effect on trade and energy supplies, the hope is that after Putin’s re-election he will have the flexibility to make certain concessions, giving European powers the excuse to relax sanctions. It is possible the Russians calculate this action will deter the hardliners such as Germany and Poland and neutralise the waverers.

Britain and the US

Britain’s special relationship has deteriorated from the heady highs of World War 2. British support for the interventions in Iraq and Afghanistan were meant to rekindle this relationship however, poor operational outcomes and British defence cuts have removed much of the lustre. It is a relationship that subsists mostly on nostalgia, with the US finding a more ready partner in France and other local powers around the globe.

With the advent of the Trump Presidency and the turmoil within US politics and government, the certainties of the rule and treaty based system the US developed post World War 2 has been disrupted. President Trumps insecurity due to his inexperience and personality, legacies of his personal and business life as well as the determined and inexorable fight back by US institutions, most notably represented by the Mueller investigation.

In this setting Trumps inclination will be to do what ever makes him look the most positive to his base. Whilst a strong response to any Russian provocation would be popular, it also damages his narrative of being the person who will restore positive relations with Russia. Trumps unpopularity in Britain also means he is temperamentally less inclined to lend support. Tepid or non-existent support would be devastating to the UK, removing one of the key planks of its post World War 2 strategic assumptions, that the US would provide military and diplomatic support to the UK at all times. The sacking of Rex Tillerson who understood these strategic paradigms and his replacement with a Trump loyalist may have been pre planned but is exceptionally ill timed and serves the narrative of a pro Russia Trump.

So What?

Britain is in a bind. Even if the UK had the will (which it doesn’t) or the means (which it doesn’t) to pay Russia back in its own coin with assassinations or attacks, Russia has a clear advantage in skills, motivation and assets to be able to sustain a war of attrition longer than Britain. If the UK responded with other non kinetic effects such as cyber attacks etc, Russia again has a developed state and affiliated non state capability. Britain can react with more sanctions but without the support of Europe and the US it has little hope of getting buy in from the rest of the world or enforcing them. It can expel diplomats but this tired formula will simply see British diplomats expelled. It can boycott the world cup jeopardising contracts and ruining English fans chance of seeing their team knocked out in the 2nd round.

The only actions the UK can take that will have an effect would be a comprehensive use of anti money laundering tools and asset seizures for Russian individuals and businesses. Targeting Putin’s inner circle and slowly expanding outwards would send a clear message but that would have to be balanced by the destabilising effect, that the flight of Russian capital flight would have one the just about managing economy, which is bracing itself for Brexit. It would also affect Putins opponents as well as his cronies, neither of which action is problematic for Putin as reducing the wealth of some of his allies, reduces the possibility of them turning on him.

But the most important factor is whatever response the UK decides on, will fit into Russia’s narrative of Western plots and conspiracies to undermine the country in general and the upcoming election in particular. A weak British response allows Putin to demonstrate to his people that he was able to interfere in America and humiliate Britain without consequence. A robust British response allows Putin to retaliate in kind and reinforce the narrative of perfidious Western interference and conspiracies.

Conclusion:

This is another well planned and executed Russian influence operation, projecting an image of Russian, skill, strength and omnipotent reach.

Like the US election influence operation, the short term effects are beneficial to Russia and help their central narrative. The long term effects are less clear, it is entirely possible the EU will rally around Britain separating defence and security from the Brexit debate, strengthening the alliance, the push back from the US legislative and Republican Party could force robust action from the US. It could even give Trump an excuse to implement the stronger measures from Congress as it does not feed into the Russian collusion narrative.

In the short term however, this is Putins world and the rest of the world is merely visiting.

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NORTHERN NIGERIA INTERNAL SECURITY SITREP- Week Ending 30 December 2017

Situation North East (Adamawa, Borno and Yobe States)

24 December

Gunmen attacked KAMALE Village, MICHIKA LGA, ADAMAWA State around 11.00pm killing 4 people and wounding several others. Citizens fled into the mountains

25 December

Gunmen mounted in pick up trucks attacked a checkpoint in the vicinity of MOLAI, JERE LGA, BORNO State on the outskirts of MAIDUGURI, around 5.30pm, the attack was initiated by an enemy vehicle infiltrating a convoy returning from DAMBOA and engaging friendly forces. Enemy forces from the vicinity of CASHEW Plantation and JIDDARI POLO then attacked. The enemy was repelled after a 2-hour firefight with air support resulted in burning some vehicles and huts. 4 dead were reported and a woman allegedly abducted

Senior officers from Army HQ spent Christmas with troops at 26 TF Bde, GWOZA, GWOZA LGA, BORNO State and 27 TF Bde, BUNI YADI, GUJBA LGA, YOBE State

28 December

A suspected male PBIED disguised as a grain merchant detonated in a market in AMARWA Village, KONDUGA LGA, BORNO State around 11.30am killing himself and 5 other people and wounding 18

Gunmen mounted in pick ups attacked a checkpoint along the Federal Highway in YOBE State. Friendly forces killed 10 and captured 4 pick up trucks

Suspected nomadic gunmen attacked TAMBOH JIMOH, GIREI LGA, ADAMAWA State killing 1 and wounding 4

30 December

Up to 16 gunmen mounted on up to 6 motorcycles attacked a firewood loggers in the vicinity of MAIWA Village, MAFA LGA, BORNO State around 2.30pm killing 25 out of 53 IDPs from MUNA Garage Camp. The loggers were IDPs from MUTARI, ZANGALE, ANZAMALA and KUMBULLA. The attackers burnt 3 trucks stole the loggers trucks 5.45pm to attack the position, but were defeated following with the help of NAF close air support

Gunmen ambushed vehicles along MAIDUGURI-DAMBOA Road stealing food stuffs

Gunmen mounted in 7 x Toyota Hiluxes and disguised in military style uniforms attacked friendly positions in the vicinity of KAM Village advancing through the centre of KANAMA, YUNUSARI LGA, YOBE State around 5.45pm to attack the position, reportedly killing 5, with 30 reported missing but were defeated following with the help of NAF close air support

Situation North West (Jigawa, Kaduna, Kano, Katsina, Kebbi, Sokoto and Zamfara States)

23 December

Gunmen mounted on motorcycles attacked a Filling station in PANDOGARI Town, RAFI LGA, NIGER State around 8.30pm killing 3 people and abducting the filling station manager and 2 others. The abductees were taken to ALAWA Forest, SHIRORO LGA, where one of the motorcycles developed a fault, allowing one of the victims to go free. The kidnappers have demanded N3m each from Community leaders

24 December

Gunmen attacked UNGUWAN MAILAFIYA, KWAGIRI District, GWONG Chiefdom, JEMA’A LGA, KADUNA State around 10.00pm killing up to 6 people and wounding 8

9 gunmen dressed in military style uniforms mounted in a Toyota Hilux and Peugeot 406 attacked a house in KAWU, KAGARKO LGA, KADUNA State asking for the mother of the former Chairman of the Presidential Taskforce of Pension Reforms Abdulrasheed MAINA. Upon neither being found they handcuffed and abducted the security guard and dumped him along MANDO Road near KADUNA International Airport, from whence he went to a police station to have the handcuffs removed

Additional troops equipped with patrol vans and motorcycles have been deployed to Southern KADUNA State

25 December

Elements of the DSS raided GAYAWA Town, UNGOGO LGA, KANO State, searching for suspected Boko Haram members around 2.40am. An elderly resident was shot by mistake and 2 of his sons subsequently detained

28 December

The KEBBI State Governor visited ALJANNARE, BAGUDO LGA following a clash between Fulani herdsmen and farmers which led to two deaths

Situation North Centre (Abuja FCT, Bauchi, Benue, Gombe, Kogi, Kwara, Nasarawa, Niger, Plateau, Taraba States)

24 December

Up to 4 gunmen mounted on motorcycles attacked UTONKON Village, ADO LGA, BENUE State with pump action shotguns around 2.00pm, killing 3 and wounding 5. Police arrested 1 person with a shotgun

25 December

Suspected cult members barricaded streets with burning tyres in BWARI, ABUJA FCT, allegedly protesting the murder of one of their number the previous day. The group moved from the market towards the Emirs Palace, burning several shops. The FCT Minister Malam Mohammad BELLO declared a 6.00am to 6.00pm curfew

26 December

The BORNO, YOBE and ADAMAWA State Governments in conjunction with UNDP has completed the first batch of a series of 3 week training course for up to 2,000 CJTF vigilantes on capacity building in JOS, PLATEAU State as part of the German funded Integrated Regional Stabilisation Project of the Lake CHAD Basin

27 December

The NPF KOGI State Command paraded 5 gangs of suspected kidnappers/ cattle rustlers/ armed robbers at Force Command HQ, LOKOJA, 10 suspected kidnappers were alleged to have been behind the abduction and subsequent murder of a Portuguese migrant worker and his two police guards, 5 suspected cattle rustlers who robbed and murdered a herdsman. 11 x AK 47, 2 x Beretta 9mm, 2 x revolvers, 334 x 7.62mm (AK), 6 x 9mm, 1 x locally fabricated revolver, 2 x locally made pistols, several pairs of fake military style uniforms and 54 x cattle were recovered

28 December

Up to 30 gunmen mounted in 3 buses attacked THAZA Community, SULEJA TOWN,SULEJA LGA, NIGER State around 6.30am. the gunmen blocked entrances and exits to the community and robbed residents for 2 hours

A clash broke out after a Mumuye farmer was attacked by a young Fulani herdsman whose cattle were grazing in a guinea corn farm in MINDA, LAU LGA, TARABA State. The young boy also attacked a passerby who tried to break up the fight. The Fulani boys father was subsequently ambushed by Mumuye youths after he went to visit the family of the murdered farmer, resulting in 2 more deaths

Gunmen mounted in a red Toyota abducted Atser KYAUSU, an 80 year old man from his home in VANDEIYKA LGA, BENUE State. His son a businessman in the oil sector was yet to be contacted for ransom

29 December

2 gunmen dressed in Police style uniforms shot and killed a grain merchant at his home near MAKURDI Bridge, MAKUDRI, BENUE State around 7.00pm

30 December

Up to 6 gunmen mounted on motorcycles abducted a TARABA State House of Assembly Member Hosea IBI from his house opposite TAKUM Barracks, TAKUM, JALINGO around 10.27pm

Situation External Forces

24 December

Italian Prime Minister Paolo GENTILONI stated ITALY may transfer up to 470 troops from the 1,400 that were being withdrawn from IRAQ to NIGER Republic

26 December

Camerounian forces released 16 hostages from BENOUE National Park, BENOUE Department, NORD Region

28 December

Gunmen attacked GOULKIDAYE, MAYO MOSKOTA Arrondissement, MAYO TSANAGA Department, EXTREME NORD Region at night killing 1 person

A Camerounian Military Court released the former Mayor of FOTOKOL, Ramat MOUSSA who had been arrested in September 2014 on suspicion of selling weapons to Boko Haram and helping them sell looted goods. He had also helped in several hostage negotiations.

29 December

2 x suspected female PBIEDs attempted to infiltrate KORDO, KOLOFATA Arrondissement, MAYO SAVA Department in the morning but were spotted by local vigilantes and detonated killing themselves and 1 other person.

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NORTHERN NIGERIA INTERNAL SECURITY SITREP- Week Ending 30 December 2017

Situation North East (Adamawa, Borno and Yobe States)

24 December

Gunmen attacked KAMALE Village, MICHIKA LGA, ADAMAWA State around 11.00pm killing 4 people and wounding several others. Citizens fled into the mountains

25 December

Gunmen mounted in pick up trucks attacked a checkpoint in the vicinity of MOLAI, JERE LGA, BORNO State on the outskirts of MAIDUGURI, around 5.30pm, the attack was initiated by an enemy vehicle infiltrating a convoy returning from DAMBOA and engaging friendly forces. Enemy forces from the vicinity of CASHEW Plantation and JIDDARI POLO then attacked. The enemy was repelled after a 2-hour firefight with air support resulted in burning some vehicles and huts. 4 dead were reported and a woman allegedly abducted

Senior officers from Army HQ spent Christmas with troops at 26 TF Bde, GWOZA, GWOZA LGA, BORNO State and 27 TF Bde, BUNI YADI, GUJBA LGA, YOBE State

28 December

A suspected male PBIED disguised as a grain merchant detonated in a market in AMARWA Village, KONDUGA LGA, BORNO State around 11.30am killing himself and 5 other people and wounding 18

Gunmen mounted in pick ups attacked a checkpoint along the Federal Highway in YOBE State. Friendly forces killed 10 and captured 4 pick up trucks

Suspected nomadic gunmen attacked TAMBOH JIMOH, GIREI LGA, ADAMAWA State killing 1 and wounding 4

30 December

Up to 16 gunmen mounted on up to 6 motorcycles attacked a firewood loggers in the vicinity of MAIWA Village, MAFA LGA, BORNO State around 2.30pm killing 25 out of 53 IDPs from MUNA Garage Camp. The loggers were IDPs from MUTARI, ZANGALE, ANZAMALA and KUMBULLA. The attackers burnt 3 trucks stole the loggers trucks 5.45pm to attack the position, but were defeated following with the help of NAF close air support

Gunmen ambushed vehicles along MAIDUGURI-DAMBOA Road stealing food stuffs

Gunmen mounted in 7 x Toyota Hiluxes and disguised in military style uniforms attacked friendly positions in the vicinity of KAM Village advancing through the centre of KANAMA, YUNUSARI LGA, YOBE State around 5.45pm to attack the position, reportedly killing 5, with 30 reported missing but were defeated following with the help of NAF close air support

Situation North West (Jigawa, Kaduna, Kano, Katsina, Kebbi, Sokoto and Zamfara States)

23 December

Gunmen mounted on motorcycles attacked a Filling station in PANDOGARI Town, RAFI LGA, NIGER State around 8.30pm killing 3 people and abducting the filling station manager and 2 others. The abductees were taken to ALAWA Forest, SHIRORO LGA, where one of the motorcycles developed a fault, allowing one of the victims to go free. The kidnappers have demanded N3m each from Community leaders

24 December

Gunmen attacked UNGUWAN MAILAFIYA, KWAGIRI District, GWONG Chiefdom, JEMA’A LGA, KADUNA State around 10.00pm killing up to 6 people and wounding 8

9 gunmen dressed in military style uniforms mounted in a Toyota Hilux and Peugeot 406 attacked a house in KAWU, KAGARKO LGA, KADUNA State asking for the mother of the former Chairman of the Presidential Taskforce of Pension Reforms Abdulrasheed MAINA. Upon neither being found they handcuffed and abducted the security guard and dumped him along MANDO Road near KADUNA International Airport, from whence he went to a police station to have the handcuffs removed

Additional troops equipped with patrol vans and motorcycles have been deployed to Southern KADUNA State

25 December

Elements of the DSS raided GAYAWA Town, UNGOGO LGA, KANO State, searching for suspected Boko Haram members around 2.40am. An elderly resident was shot by mistake and 2 of his sons subsequently detained

28 December

The KEBBI State Governor visited ALJANNARE, BAGUDO LGA following a clash between Fulani herdsmen and farmers which led to two deaths

Situation North Centre (Abuja FCT, Bauchi, Benue, Gombe, Kogi, Kwara, Nasarawa, Niger, Plateau, Taraba States)

24 December

Up to 4 gunmen mounted on motorcycles attacked UTONKON Village, ADO LGA, BENUE State with pump action shotguns around 2.00pm, killing 3 and wounding 5. Police arrested 1 person with a shotgun

25 December

Suspected cult members barricaded streets with burning tyres in BWARI, ABUJA FCT, allegedly protesting the murder of one of their number the previous day. The group moved from the market towards the Emirs Palace, burning several shops. The FCT Minister Malam Mohammad BELLO declared a 6.00am to 6.00pm curfew

26 December

The BORNO, YOBE and ADAMAWA State Governments in conjunction with UNDP has completed the first batch of a series of 3 week training course for up to 2,000 CJTF vigilantes on capacity building in JOS, PLATEAU State as part of the German funded Integrated Regional Stabilisation Project of the Lake CHAD Basin

27 December

The NPF KOGI State Command paraded 5 gangs of suspected kidnappers/ cattle rustlers/ armed robbers at Force Command HQ, LOKOJA, 10 suspected kidnappers were alleged to have been behind the abduction and subsequent murder of a Portuguese migrant worker and his two police guards, 5 suspected cattle rustlers who robbed and murdered a herdsman. 11 x AK 47, 2 x Beretta 9mm, 2 x revolvers, 334 x 7.62mm (AK), 6 x 9mm, 1 x locally fabricated revolver, 2 x locally made pistols, several pairs of fake military style uniforms and 54 x cattle were recovered

28 December

Up to 30 gunmen mounted in 3 buses attacked THAZA Community, SULEJA TOWN,SULEJA LGA, NIGER State around 6.30am. the gunmen blocked entrances and exits to the community and robbed residents for 2 hours

A clash broke out after a Mumuye farmer was attacked by a young Fulani herdsman whose cattle were grazing in a guinea corn farm in MINDA, LAU LGA, TARABA State. The young boy also attacked a passerby who tried to break up the fight. The Fulani boys father was subsequently ambushed by Mumuye youths after he went to visit the family of the murdered farmer, resulting in 2 more deaths

Gunmen mounted in a red Toyota abducted Atser KYAUSU, an 80 year old man from his home in VANDEIYKA LGA, BENUE State. His son a businessman in the oil sector was yet to be contacted for ransom

29 December

2 gunmen dressed in Police style uniforms shot and killed a grain merchant at his home near MAKURDI Bridge, MAKUDRI, BENUE State around 7.00pm

30 December

Up to 6 gunmen mounted on motorcycles abducted a TARABA State House of Assembly Member Hosea IBI from his house opposite TAKUM Barracks, TAKUM, JALINGO around 10.27pm

Situation External Forces

24 December

Italian Prime Minister Paolo GENTILONI stated ITALY may transfer up to 470 troops from the 1,400 that were being withdrawn from IRAQ to NIGER Republic

26 December

Camerounian forces released 16 hostages from BENOUE National Park, BENOUE Department, NORD Region

28 December

Gunmen attacked GOULKIDAYE, MAYO MOSKOTA Arrondissement, MAYO TSANAGA Department, EXTREME NORD Region at night killing 1 person

A Camerounian Military Court released the former Mayor of FOTOKOL, Ramat MOUSSA who had been arrested in September 2014 on suspicion of selling weapons to Boko Haram and helping them sell looted goods. He had also helped in several hostage negotiations.

29 December

2 x suspected female PBIEDs attempted to infiltrate KORDO, KOLOFATA Arrondissement, MAYO SAVA Department in the morning but were spotted by local vigilantes and detonated killing themselves and 1 other person.

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NORTHERN NIGERIA INTERNAL SECURITY SITREP- Week Ending 23 December 2017

Situation North East (Adamawa, Borno and Yobe States)

20 December

NAF ISR platforms identified suspected enemy activities in the vicinity of TUMBUN RAGO,  North BORNO State bordering Lake CHAD, suspected to be housing elements of the AL BARNAWI Boko Haram faction

The Army reported that 8 Div supported by NAF ISR, close air support and interdiction had been conducting Op Deep Punch 2 in the Lake Chad Basin for 2 weeks using air and artillery strikes on the Lake Chad islands. Enemy casualties thus far in the operation were 20 enemy dead, 17 captured and over 100 elderly men, women and children liberated, who had apparently been used as conscripted labour. Troops captured 1 x Mercedes Benz truck, 3 x Toyota Land Cruisers, 5 x AK 47s, 3 x FN FALs, 2 x G3s, 1 x pump action shotgun, 1 x RPG tube, 2 x RPG rounds, 2 x VHF radios, 1 x Night Vision goggles, 55 x 5.56mm rounds, 5 x Bangalore torpedoes, 2 x 120mm mortar bombs, 1,000 x 7.62mm (NATO) link, 55 x 7.62mm, 108 x 12.7mm, 2 x memory cards, 2 x hydraulic jacks and 1.5A battery. The only friendly casualties thus far had been 6 wounded.

The NIGERIA Customs Service stated that 26 Customs Officers had been killed in BORNO and YOBE States, with only Border posts in GEIDAM, YOBE State and GAMBORU, BORNO State functioning (the latter partially)

The YOBE State Government has agreed to purchase 20 x Toyota Hilux vehicles for N350m for different security agencies in the State

An 8 Div Press Release stated that a 2 week operation on the Lake CHAD islands with 8 Div and The Armed Forces Strike Group, supported by air and artillery had cleared several islands and villages such as ARENA CHIKI, CHIKUN GUDU, ARENA WAJE, SA’ADA and JUWE, BORNO State killing 20 enemy and capturing 17. 100 elderly men, women and children were rescued, who were allegedly forced labourers on enemy farms. 1 x Mercedes Benz truck, 2 x Toyota Landcruisers with weapons mounted, 2 x Toyota Hilux, 1 x AAA gun, 5 x AK 47, 3 x FN FAL, 2 x G3, 1 x pump action shotgun, 1 x RPG launcher, 2 x RPG rounds, 2 x VHF radios, 1 x NVG goggle, 55 x 5.56mm rounds, 5 x Bangalore torpedoes, 2 x 120mm mortar bombs, 1,000 x 7.62mm link, 55 x 7.62mmm, 108 x 12.7mm rounds, 2 x memory cards. 6 soldiers were wounded

21 December

NAF aircraft patrolling NUMAN and DEMSA LGA, ADAMAWA State were allegedly fired on by suspected nomadic gunmen. Allegedly the Alphajet identified a large crowd of gunmen with a herd of cattle burning villages. The gunmen engaged the aircraft with small arms which then fired warning shots when they got to a bridge heading to JAINGO, TARABA State

NAF Fighter Ground Attack (FGA) aircraft conducted a series of air strikes on the suspected enemy positions identified in TUMBUN RAGO. Attack Helicopter (AH) gunships conducted follow up strikes on fleeing suspected enemy

Suspected Fulani gunmen attacked BILACHI, FUFORE LGA, ADAMAWA State around 7.00pm killing 1 person, wounding one other and burning the village

22 December

Elements if 121 Bn and 21 Bde ambushed suspected enemy fighters at one of their suspected crossing points in FIRGI, BAMA LGA, BORNO State, killing 1 capturing a gas cylinder, 2 x water bottles and 1 x motorcycle.

The NAF conducted air strikes with an unspecified platform on a enemy concentration south east of BOGUMERI, BORNO State after trailing a convoy of motorcycles to the location

23 December

Elements of 3Bn, 22Bde conducted a fighting patrol towards MAKANDARI Village, KALA BALGE LGA, BORNO State following reports of suspected Boko Haram cattle rustling of over 200 cattle. Contact was made with the enemy in BENENRI Village, where 2 were killed and 1 x AK47, 2 x motorcycles and one ID card were recovered along with the cows

Situation North West (Jigawa, Kaduna, Kano, Katsina, Kebbi, Sokoto and Zamfara States)

17 December

NPF attached to Op Absolute Sanity detained 2 suspected kidnappers who were allegedly operating in the vicinity of JERE/ KATARI axis of the ABUJA-KADUNA Road and JERE-KAGARKO Road, KADUNA State after a firefight around 9.30pm, recovering 2 x AK 47, 135 x rounds of ammunition

20 December

Farmers clashed with Fulani herdsmen in GIROMASA, BAGUDO LGA, KEBBI State resulting in 2 farmers killed, following a court decision in favour of the Herdsmen over a river

21 December

The DSS announced it had rescued a 3 year old boy abducted and held hostage for 11 days in KANO, KANO State. The kidnappers had received a N200,000.00 on 11 December 2018 after asking for N20m

22 December

A gunman attacked a Christmas Carol Service in NINDEM Village Square, GODOGODO District, JEMA’A LGA, KADUNA State around 9.00pm killing 4 and wounding 8

23 December

The police have arrested 2 suspected robbers in SAYADI Village, WUSHISHI LGA, NIGER State

Situation North Centre (Abuja FCT, Bauchi, Benue, Gombe, Kogi, Kwara, Nasarawa, Niger, Plateau, Taraba States)

17 December

Gunmen ambushed a vehicle travelling from LAGOS to TAKUM in the vicinity of SATTI AGRIGI, KATSINA ALA LGA, BENUE State on KATSINA ALA- TAKUM Road around 10.00pm killing one of the passengers an Army Colonel

18 December

Elements of 707 Bn allegedly went on the rampage in KATSINA ALA Town in retaliation for the murder of their colleague by armed robbers, blocking the road and burning up to 20 houses in the Federal Low Cost Housing Estate and TOMATAAN District

President BUHARI extended the tenure of the CDS Gen. Abayomi OLONISAKIN, the COAS Lt Gen T.Y. BURATAI, the CAS Air Marshal Sadique ABUBAKAR and CNS, Vice Admiral Ibok-Ete Ikwe IBAS. The period of extension was not specified

The GOMBE State Police Command paraded 4 people suspected of abducting a Nurse in October 2017. 1 x AK 47, 19 x rounds of ammunition and N200,000.00 were recovered from the suspects, 3 others remain at large.

19 December

Gunmen attacked GIDAN BANOBI, ZAZZAGA District, MUNYA LGA, NIGER State around 2.00am killing 1 person and abducting 3 women, one of whom was released to give relatives the number to call to negotiate ransom. The District head stated this was the 3rd attack in 72 hours and they had just gathered up N10m to ransom 5 out of 10 people already abducted

22 December

Gunmen ambushed and robbed travellers along UGBOKOLO-OWUKPA Road in the vicinity of OKPOGA, OKPOKWU LGA, BENUE State, police responded engaging them in a firefight, killing 1, fatally wounding another and arresting 2 more based on the confession of the deceased suspect

23 December

The Secretary of the BENUE State Emergency Management Agency stated that up to 10,000 people had fled from CAMEROUN to AKWAYA, KWANDE LGA

Gunmen attacked ODONTO Village, AKPA District, OTURKPO LGA, BENUE State killing 2 people

Situation External Forces

21 December

An Appeal Court in CAMEROUN reduced the sentence of RFI journalist Ahmed ABBA who was arrested in July 2015 and sentenced in April 2017 on terrorism charges. The terrorism charges were dropped, however the charge of failing to denounce terrorism was upheld

22 December

Gunmen attacked ZENEME, MAYO TSANAGA Department, EXTREME NORD Region at night killing 2 villagers

23 December

Gunmen attacked KERAWA MAFA, MAYO TSANAGA Department killing one person

 

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NORTHERN NIGERIA INTERNAL SECURITY SITREP- Week Ending 16 December 2017

 

Situation North East (Adamawa, Borno and Yobe States)

09 December

Gunmen ambushed a 6 vehicle convoy in the vicinity of BULABULIN Village, BORNO State killing 2 soldiers

10 December

Gunmen ambushed a military convoy in the vicinity of SANDIYA, KONDUGA LGA on the border of KONDUGA and DAMBOA LGA, BORNO State, killing 6 friendly and wounding several others, several pieces of equipment were captured

Gunmen ambushed a military convoy with small arms, IEDs and crew served weapons in between NYENERI and FALAWANI Villages in the vicinity of DAMBOA, DAMBOA LGA, BORNO State, killing 4 soldiers and wounding 12

11 December

An explosion at the entrance to IDP Camp 4 in PULKA, GWOZA LGA, BORNO State around 11.00am killing a female and 3 other people and wounding 7. The military is unclear whether the explosion was caused by a mortar round or a suspected female PBIED

The Op Lafiya Dole Air Component Commander has been replaced with a Commander Air Task Force Air Vice Marshall Idi LUBO, as part of the reorganisation 3 Division Air Liaison Officers (DALO) have been appointed as well as an Air Liaison Officer to the Theatre Command

Social media reports state that gunmen accused 2 elderly men of being spies in the vicinity of MOLOTA, BORNO STATE and murdered them with bladed weapons. They also abducted 5 girls and 2 boys

2 x female PBIEDS attempted to infiltrate a crowded public space in the evening in PULKA, GWOZA LGA, BORNO State, 1 was shot and killed, whilst the other escaped to a residential area where she detonated killing herself and 2 other people and wounding several others

A military vehicle on a friendly patrol on MAIDUGURI- DAMBOA Road detonated an IED killing 2 soldiers

12 December

The NAF commenced Op Ruwan Wata 3 in Northern BORNO and the SAMBISA Forest area, ISR having previously identified KOLARAM, 37km east of MONGUNO to be an active enemy launch point, 2 x NAF Attack helicopters conducted a pre dawn raid followed by 4 x Fighter Ground Attack (FGA) aircraft. Several structures were destroyed and burnt. In a follow up air strike an NAF helicopter and FGA struck a settlement to the south east of KOLARAM destroying several structures. Enemy were detected retreating north to JUBILARAM, 38km north east of MONGUNO, 4 x NAF FGA conducted air strikes on the settlement

13 December

Gunmen mounted in 8 x pick up trucks and several motorcycles attacked friendly forces in MAINOK, KAGA LGA, BORNO State around 6.00pm, approaching via the bush from the direction of BUNI YADI, GUJBA LGA, YOBE State. They were defeated after an hour long firefight and friendly reinforcements arrived, losing 14 enemy killed and 2 x pick up trucks captured., as they were pursued to ZARI Village, MOBBAR LGA. Two civilians were injured. Media reports state that the attackers crossed several main roads but did not molest civilians, media reports also claim that 6 soldiers were killed and 9 wounded

UNHCR began distributing ID cards to IDPs in BORNO State beginning the process in DALORI Camp

14 December

The NPF is to create new Area Commands in MONGUNO, BENISHEIKH and UBA in BORNO State increasing the number to 6. New Divisional offices are to be opened up in LG Headquarters

State Governors voted to release $1bn from the Excess Crude Account to fund the war against Boko Haram

The NPF has arrested a suspected Boko Haram commander Ibrahim DIYE (aka ROMEO) in BORNO State around 2.00pm.

15 December

Brigadier General Gbenga Olusegun ADESINA presiding over a General Courts Martial sitting in MAIDUGURI, BORNO State sentenced a Lance Corporal John GODWIN to Death for the murder of 5 rescued hostages in YAMTEKE, GWOZA LGA, BORNO State. Sergeant Innocent OTOTO was given a life sentence for manslaughter for the torture and murder of a 13 year old boy he claimed had stolen his phone in ZAMANBARI District. Lance Corporal OSAGE and Private ONWE were sentenced to 20 years imprisonment for manslaughter and illegal possession of firearms.

The Army stated that troops deployed on Op Lafiya Dole had been on the offensive for the past 2 weeks in the Lake Chad Islands with coordinated air and artillery support, killing several insurgents and capturing 167. In the past 2 months troops had also conducted long range patrols and ambushes in and around suspected enemy hideouts in SAADA and JUWEI in Northern BORNO State, detaining 53 suspected enemy as well as taking the surrender of 15 suspected enemy who had wearied of the conflict

16 December

Gunmen ambushed a UN World Food Programme Convoy heading to LOGOMANI in the vicinity of MUSUNI Village on the DIKWA-NGALA Trans Sahara Highway, 35 km south west of NGALA, NGALA LGA, BORNO State killing 4 drivers and 2 others, abducting 3 and stealing several trucks. 6 enemy were killed and 3 x AK 47, 3 x locally improvised weapons, 4 x magazines and a 7.62mm belt were captured

Situation North West (Jigawa, Kaduna, Kano, Katsina, Kebbi, Sokoto and Zamfara States)

14 December

Youth Leader and aide to Senator Shehu SANI, Bashir AHMED who was abducted in TUDUN WADA, KADUNA, KADUNA State on Friday 8 December was freed in KADUNA State. It is unclear if a ransom was paid for his release

NDLEA JIGAWA State Command announced that they had arrested 6 suspected drug dealers and seized 1,000.64Kg of various drugs between 9 and 11 December. 2 suspects were arrested on KANO- GUMEL Road with cannabis and 4 in GURI, DUTSE and HADEJIA LGAs with 900g of Tramadol

16 December

Several hundred youths known as ‘yan Shara’ rampaged along KATURU Road,  BADARAWA District, KADUNA, KADUNA State attacking traders and peaceful civilians with knives and clubs and robbing them. 11 suspects were arrested.

Situation North Centre (Abuja FCT, Bauchi, Benue, Gombe, Kogi, Kwara, Nasarawa, Niger, Plateau, Taraba States)

10 December

Up to 10 Gunmen abducted 2 people from ZAZZAGA Village, MUNYA LGA, shooting one person who tried to stop them and 2 girls from MASUKU Village, SHIRORO LGA, NIGER State

5 abductees consisting of former Minister of Sports and current PLATEAU State PDP Chairman Damishi SANGO, his son and 3 others were released.

11 December

A farmer killed a Fulani herdsman he accused of destroying his crops in MAI ZAGGA Village, BAGUDO LGA, KEBBI State. The State Governor BAGUDU intervened to stop a reprisal, paying the slain man’s family compensation

12 December

IMN members began a 2 day memorial in ABUJA, FCT for members that were killed during the ZARIA Incident in 2015

The NIGER State Police Command stated it had rescued 2 abducted girls in MUSUKU Village, SHIRORO LGA

Gunmen attacked a house on a farm belonging to the EFCC Chairman Ibrahim MAGU in KARSHI, ABUJA, FCT around 10.00pm after overpowering and detaining a policeman on guard and a civilian and beating them. The policeman subsequently died of his injuries. The attackers stole 5 cattle and some sheep

Gunmen attacked the residence of an official of the Miyetti Allah Cattle Breeders Association (MACBAN) in KARU LGA, NASARAWA State who had allegedly informed the Police about the activities of a criminal gang operating in KEFFI and KARU LGA, in the vicinity of the KEFFI-KARU-ABUJA axis, abducting and murdering him

14 December

Elements of the NPF attempted to dislodge illegal miners in MAYO SINE, MAMBILLA, SARDAUNA LGA, TARABA State who were occupying a concession of a mining company following a 48 hour eviction notice. The miners refused to disperse and attacked the police who opened fire killing up to 10.

15 December

The NPF in BENUE State arrested 35 suspected members of the Black Axe Confraternity. 26 of whom were detained whilst travelling from OGBADIGBO to MAKURDI and 9 who were detained in LESSEL, USHONGO LGA. Apparently the intent was to create havoc in the NORTH BANK Area in MAKURDI

16 December

A clash in OGOBIA Village, UGBOJU District, OTURKPO LGA, BENUE State resulted in 4 people killed. The origins of the violence appear to be an apparent retaliation for an incident in August 2017 between two brothers who are members of different political parties that resulted in 4 deaths

Situation External Forces

11 December

A PBIED detonated in the Abdoulaye Mosque in KERAWA, MAYO SAVA Department, EXTREME NORD Region around 5.45am killing themselves and 1 other person

A truck driver was abducted on Route National 1 in the vicinity of GOULMA between DABANGA and TILDE, MAYO SAVA Department

12 December

A PBIED detonated around 7.00pm in MATAKAYA, AMCHIDE Arrondissement, MAYO SAVA Department killing themselves and one other

13 December

The UN Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) stated that seizures of the opioid Tramadol have increased from 300Kg in 2013 to 3 tonnes a year in the Lake CHAD Basin area.

14 December

Gunmen abducted a farmer in TOLKOMARI, MAYO SAVA Department

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NORTHERN NIGERIA INTERNAL SECURITY SITREP- Week Ending 09 December 2017

Situation North East (Adamawa, Borno and Yobe States)

04 December

Suspected nomadic gunmen attacked LAWARU and DONG Villages, DEMSA LGA, ADAMAWA State around 5.00am, killing several people and burning both down. The attackers then moved to KIKAN, NUMAN LGA

Troops patrolling in the vicinity of MIYANTO DAREL, BAMA LGA, BORNO State engaged suspected enemy forces killing 5, recovering weapons, machetes, knives and N5,000.00

The BORNO State Governor stated that 500 vigilantes would b recruited to enhance security in BIU, BIU LGA

05 December

The NAF has deployed ISR platforms, an Alphajet and EC 135 to ADAMAWA State for operations in NUMAN and DEMSA LGAs

Situation North West (Jigawa, Kaduna, Kano, Katsina, Kebbi, Sokoto and Zamfara States)

05 December

The IMN has filed a suit in the Federal High Court against the KADUNA State Governor Mallam Nasir EL RUFAI, the State Attorney General, Commissioner for Justice, Commissioner of Police, DSS Director General, Inspector General of Police and Chief of Army Staff, stating that the order banning the organisation was unconstitutional and violated the African Charter on Human Rights

Situation North Centre (Abuja FCT, Bauchi, Benue, Gombe, Kogi, Kwara, Nasarawa, Niger, Plateau, Taraba States)

03 December

An allegedly intoxicated policeman shot and killed a young man in AJAOKUTA LGA, KOGI State at an APC political rally for an LG Chairmanship

Gunmen reportedly abducted 3 people along OKENE-LOKOJA Road, consisting of an APC politician and former Senator Ayo ARISE, his driver and personal assistant in KOGI State near the ONDO, KOGI, EDO and EKITI State border as he travelled to ABUJA FCT from EKITI State. The kidnappers have allegedly requested a ransom of N80m from his family

Gunmen abducted ambushed a vehicle along AKWANGA- KEFFI-ABUJA Road around 5.30pm in the vicinity of MANDARA Village, KOKONA LGA, NASARAWA State abducting several people. Ransoms of N10m have been demanded for at least one of the abductees

04 December

The NAF stated that it had activated 1 x Bell 412 helicopter and a second would be completed before the end of December 2017. 1 x Mi 35P had been reactivated to become operational in January 2018, 2 x Mi 35P had undergone test flights in RUSSIA and would be operational in NIGERIA in February 2018. Periodic Depot Maintenance of C 130 aircraft was being undertaken and the service life of NAF 913 had been extended

The NPF stated that gunmen had attacked policemen based in KUDERE Village, AKWANGA LGA, NASARAWA State near GUDI along the AKWANGA-KEFFI Highway killing 2 people. Elements of SARS, MOPOL and local vigilantes responded and are combing the forest

06 December

Gunmen ambushed a vehicle on the KADUNA-ABUJA Road, in the vicinity of KURMI JIBRIL, KAGARKO LGA/ JERE- GARKAWA, JERE LGA, KADUNA State abducting 4 people including a former Minister of sports Damishi SANGO, his driver, his son and his police orderly as he travelled from JOS to ABUJA

07 December

The kidnappers of Damishi SANGO have demanded a N100m ransom from his family

A 5 year old boy was abducted in WASE Town, WASE LGA, PLATEAU State. The kidnappers requested N20m ransom from the boys father Alhaji IBRAHIM

08 December

A suspect in the kidnap of Master IBRAHIM in WASE, was arrested by the NPF and elements of Op Safe Haven, the boys corpse was recovered from an uncompleted building

The abductors of Damishi SANGO have reduced his ransom to N40m

Up to 5 suspected Fulani herdsmen attacked OGABIFO Village, OMALA LGA near AGBENEMA, KOGI State with AK 47s after an alleged altercation with a farmer on whose land they were grazing. 10 people were killed. Armed herdsmen also grazed their cattle on a rice farm in OMI, YAGBA WEST LGA, displacing the farmers family

The NPF announced the arrest of 28 suspected armed robbers and kidnappers who operated along the KADUNA-ABUJA Road in TAFA LGA, NIGER State, in a week long operation. 5 abductees were rescued and 1 x KIA Saloon car, 1 x Mercedes Benz Saloon car, 2 x AK 47, 3 x pump action shotguns, 1 x revolver and 1 x Beretta, 1 x single barrel firearm 133 x 7.62mm (AK), 50 x shotgun cartridges, 20 x 9mm, 4 x sets of military style uniform and 3 x badges of rank (Major, Sergeant, Staff Sergeant) were recovered

Gunmen attacked a village, MUNYA LGA, NIGER State along KADUNA- SARKI PAWA Road killing 3 and abducting 10

Gunmen abducted an aide to APC Senator Shehu SANI (KADUNA) Bashir AHMED in TUDUN WADA, KASUWAN BARCI, KADUNA SOUTH LGA, KADUNA State

09 December

Herdsmen entered DUDUGURU Village, JANKWE Community, OBI LGA, NASARAWA State to allegedly recover an axe seized from a herdsman several weeks ago by farmers. The refusal of the farmers to release the axe led to a clash, in which 1 was killed and several injured

Situation External Forces

03 December

Gunmen attacked TCHEBE TCHEBE Village, MAYO MOSKOTA Arrondissement, MAYO TSANAGA Department EXTREME NORD Region, in the evening killing 2 soldiers and 2 vigilantes and abducting 10 civilians, a BIR unit, responded but lost a vehicle to an IED

The US and UK Government issued travel advisories for ABUJA FCT, BAUCHI, BORNO, GOMBE, JIGAWA, ADAMAWA and YOBE States. The threat appears linked to the festive period rather than a specific plot

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NORTHERN NIGERIA INTERNAL SECURITY SITREP- Week Ending 02 December 2017

Situation North East (Adamawa, Borno and Yobe States)

21 December Suspected Fulani herdsmen attacked BILACHI Village, FUFORE LGA, ADAMAWA State at night killing one person, wounding one other, displacing others and burning the village

26 November

Suspected nomadic gunmen allegedly shot and killed a man on his farm in SHAFORON NUMAN LGA, ADAMAWA State, his brother was also allegedly shot and killed as he tried to rescue him

Residents of KIKAN, KWODOMTI, SHAFARAN and KETWUL, NUMAN LGA, ADAMAWA State have reportedly fled in anticipation of a revenge attack from Fulani herdsmen

28 November

NAF Beechcraft 350i ISR platforms identifed armed suspected Boko Haram gunmen in a building in GOBARA, 15km from GWOZA, GWOZA LGA, BORNO State, it was engaged by Alphajet and F 7Ni with bombs and destroyed

Elements of 3 Bn, 22 Bde 22 Mobile Strike Team supported by CJTF Vigilantes cleared suspected enemy positions in KALA, JAWARA, MADA, MIKA, GAKULBA and KUTILAZ (SANGA), KALA BALGE LGA, BORNO State to the north of SAMBISA Forest. The enemy reportedly spotted friendly forces from an OP at SANGA and withdrew into the AMCHADA Forest, own troops pursued and engaged the enemy killing 4 after a firefight and capturing one who claimed to be the Amir of CHAWA. 212 civilians were rescued

Gunmen attacked HUMBLI Village, MADAGALI LGA, ADAMAWA State

29 November

Gunmen attacked WANU Village, MADAGALI LGA, ADAMAWA State, 3km from GULAK around 9.30pm killing up to 5 people and wounding several others. The gunmen who reportedly emerged from the WAGA CHAKAWA Forest on foot, stole livestock and food stuffs and then burned the village.

The UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs stated that about 4,000 refugees had returned from NIGER Republic in October, with 1,470 registering at GWOZA, 498 in KUKAWA, 374 in NGALA and 250 in DIKWA

Gunmen attacked WANU Village, MADAGALI LGA, 3 km from GULAK, ADAMAWA State, arfound 9.30pm killing 2 people, stealing livestock and foodstuffs and burning houses

30 November

Gunmen mounted in an APC and armed vehicles attacked 22 Bde positions in GAJIBO Village, DIKWA LGA, BORNO State around 5.45pm, overrunning the base killing 1 soldier and wounding 3. The enemy stole weapons and ammunition after being pushed out in a counter attack. 3 x AK47s were captured

01 December

MOPOL raided a Fulani settlement in DOWAYA, NUMAN LGA, ADAMAWA State after receiving reports of a large number of people concentrating. At least 6 MOPOL were reported killed attempting to effect arrests. Elements of 23 Armoured Bde cordoned off the village and using small arms and RPGs recovered the bodies of the fallen policemen. The Fulani claim that they had relocated from SHAFARAN, SHAWAL, GUMARA, KIKAM and KADAMTI after the previous weeks massacre and were mourning their dead. The military claim the villages had been evacuated of women and children and up to 16 persons with AK 47s were sighted.

The BORNO State Governor has proposed a new security strategy in BORNO State consisting of 5 protected urban centres surrounded by a 3 km security belt. BAMA, BAMA LGA has been chosed as a pilot scheme

02 December

2 suspected female PBIEDs infiltrated BIU, BIU LGA, BORNO State around11.40am during a food distribution exercise by aid workers, 1 detonated in the Main Market and the other just outside the market square in BIU, killing themselves and 13 others and wounding 53

Situation North West (Jigawa, Kaduna, Kano, Katsina, Kebbi, Sokoto and Zamfara States)

28 November

Elements of the NPFs Op Absolute Sanity engaged suspected cattle rustlers in the KAGARKO Forest, KAGARKO LGA, KADUNA State around 2.00am, killing 2 of them and recovering 413 cows and 50 sheep and 1 x AK-47. The recovered livestock were taken to KATARI Town

30 November

396 NAF Regiment airmen and women and 18 NAF Regiment officers completed a Special Forces course run by an Israeli PMC

01 December

Members of IMN held their annual procession to commemorate the Prophet Muhammad’s birthday in KADUNA, KADUNA State from LEVENTIS Roundabout along AHMADU BELLO Way and KANO Road. Police intercepted them on LAGOS Street and dispersed the crowd with teargas and live rounds

Situation North Centre (Abuja FCT, Bauchi, Benue, Gombe, Kogi, Kwara, Nasarawa, Niger, Plateau, Taraba States)

26 November

The military and vigilantes from the Fulani Volunteer Group arrested 29 suspected cattle rustlers in YAKILA, RAFI LGA, NIGER State, recovering over 1,000 cattle and 75 sheep. 2 suspects escaped

28 November

Suspected herdsmen reportedly attacked a farmer in RIYOM LGA, PLATEAU State but were captured by local villagers

29 November

Approximately 50 gunmen mounted in 3 vehicles attacked LAPAI, LAPAI LGA, NIGER State via GULU-LAPAI Road, robbing the local branches of UBA on SULEJA Road near the IBB University Campus and then First Bank on MINNA Road. They then attacked the Police Station. The gunmen used road blocks to isolate the community, stealing 2 vehicles (one of which was subsequently recovered) from bank workers which they used to evacuate their loot. 2 policemen were killed and 4 wounded, whilst 4 bank customers were killed and 12 wounded

Gunmen murdered the Head of Tula Chiefdom in DAKTIBE JALIGO Village, KALTUNGO LGA, GOMBE State and his son early in the morning, the victims wife and other children were injured

30 November

Gunmen attacked a mine in JOL Village, RIYOM LGA, PLATEAU State in the evening wounding 4 miners

Gunmen attempted to murder a PDP politician in the vicinity of AYINGBA and AJIOLO, as he travelled to his village, ABOCHO, DEKINA LGA, KOGI State

30 November

Fulani and Berom miners clashed in RAFIN ACHA Village, RIYOM LGA, PLATEAU State at a mine. The incident was allegedly precipitated by 2 herdsmen taking their cattle into a Berom farm. Despite the herdsmen being arrested, Berom youths had allegedly beaten up some Fulani youths. News of the incident reached the mines where both tribes worked leading to the clash. 5 people were wounded

Gunmen unsuccessfully ambushed travellers in the vicinity of VWAK Village, RIYOM LGA. Several of the gunmen were captured by local villagers and handed over to the police.

01 December

The Ministry of Foreign Affairs announced that a Portuguese citizen Jose MACHADA who was abducted along OBAJANA-KABBA Road in KOGI State on 24 October 2017 had died in captivity

Gunmen ambushed a police patrol at night on AKWANGA- KEFFI Road in the vicinity of MANDARA Village, KOKONA LGA, NASARAWA State near GARAKU

02 December

Suspected herdsmen ambushed a vehicle heading to MAKERA Market in the vicinity of DIYAN Village, RIM District, RIYOM LGA, PLATEAU State killing 11 people and wounding 3

Situation External Forces

27 November

Gunmen attacked a truck in the morning on Route National 1 between DABANGA and GOUESS, LOGONE ET CHARI Department, EXTREME NORD Region. 1 person was wounded and 3 are missing

28 November

2 suspected Boko Haram fighters from BROUVARE, MAYO SAVA Department, EXTREME NORD Region surrendered in KOLOFATA

30 November

Gunmen attacked TCHEBETCHEBE, MAYO MOSKOTA Arrondissement, MAYO TSANAGA Department killing 2 villagers and abducting a young girl

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