NORTHERN NIGERIA INTERNAL SECURITY SITREP- Week Ending 08 July 2017

Situation North East (Adamawa, Borno and Yobe States)

02 July

Gunmen suspected to be from Mamman NURs faction attacked 3 Bn positions in LOGOMANI, DIKWA LGA, BORNO State around 7.00pm losing 3 x killed and 1 x enemy captured. Troops mounted rapid pursuit losing 1 soldier killed. 3 x AK 47s were captured

NAF ISR detected enemy concentrations in the vicinity of ALAGARNO Camp, SAMBISA Forest with camoflauged buildings and solar panels on roofs

03 July

Elements of 26 TF Bde received the surrender of 70 suspected Boko Haram members including several enemy commanders

Gunmen suspected to be from Mamman NURs faction, attacked 81 Div TF Bn positions in GULUMBA GANA, BAMA LGA. BORNO State but were defeated with an unspecified number killed, 2 x AK 47, 2 x magazines containing 9 x 7.62mm (AK), 2 x 40mm AGL rounds, and several empty 23mm cases, 1 x mobile phone were captured.

2 x Alphajets and 1 x F-7Ni conducted air strikes on the suspected enemy buildings in ALAGARNO Camp, SAMBISA Forest destroying the buildings and an enemy vehicle

04 July

Troops conducting a clearance patrol along GWOZA-LIMANKARA Road to KATARA GIDAN DUTSE contacted enemy gunmen killing 8 and capturing 1. An IED factory was uncovered and destroyed, with cans of fertiliser captured, 1 x tool box, 11 x 7.62mm (NATO) rounds, 6 x improvised 7.62mm (NATO) rounds, 11 x improvised 7.62mm (AK) rounds and 4 x enemy banners

06 July

2 x male PBIEDs attempted to infiltrate UNIMAID but were spotted at a parapet around 9.50pm by security personnel who shot 1 dead, whilst the other detonated his device

An NAF Agusta 109 LUH suffered a malfunction and crash landed into a pool of water in MAIDUGURI, BORNO State. There were no casualties

The EU launched 7 projects worth €50m in BORNO, GOMBE, ADAMAWA and YOBE States in MAIDUGURI, BORNO State

57 of the 70 Boko Haram fighters who surrendered in GWOZA LGA were paraded at the Military Command and Control Centre, MAIDUGURI, BORNO State

08 July

The NAF began a 7 day a surgical intervention scheme for IDPs in BAMA, DALORI and BANKI, BORNO State involving general surgery, obstetrics and gynaecology and ophthalmology at 105 Composite Groups Medical Centre

Situation North West (Jigawa, Kaduna, Kano, Katsina, Kebbi, Sokoto and Zamfara States)

03 July

The DSS and military arrested a suspected kidnapper Hamisu HASSAN and 5 males and 1 female accomplice in KAKURI, KADUNA SOUTH LGA, KADUNA State. They are suspected of operating along the ABUJA-KADUNA Road

05 July

The DSS and military arrested 2 suspected kidnappers and gun runners Rabiu SANI and Abubakar SANI along ZARIA- FUNTUA Road in GIWA LGA, KADUNA State capturing 1 x Beretta 9mm magazine, 1,000 x 7.62mm (?) rounds, 1 x 9mm round, 4 x empty AK 47 magazines, 5 x FN magazines, N457, 140.00 and 1 x VW Vento

The DSS arrested 2 men in possession of 26 cartridges, amulets and charms in the vicinity of IKARA Junction, TUDUN WADA LGA, KANO State

Troops from 4Bn replaced 1Bn were deployed to KAURA, ZANGON KATAF, JEMA’A and SANGA LGA’S in Southern KADUNA State

Suspected nomadic herdsmen allegedly attacked a ECWA Pastor at his farm in ABAN, NUMANA Chiefdom, SANGA LGA, KADUNA State around 5.00pm with bladed weapons, seriously injuring

07 July

Gunmen ambushed police on routine patrol in MAIGANA District, SOBA LGA, KADUNA State killing 2

The Federal High Court, KADUNA, KADUNA State dismissed the suit filed by Sheikh EL ZAKZAKY against the Army and the COAS as an abuse of court process on the basis that a similar suit had been determined by the Federal High Court, ABUJA. EL ZAKZAKYs lawyers argued that the ABUJA case pertained to illegal detention whilst the KADUNA case involved the enforcement of human rights

08 July

Gunmen ambushed a vehicle along the ABUJA-KADUNA Road in the vicinity of KATERI, KACHIA LGA, KADUNA State around 5.00pm killing a woman and abducting the external Auditor of the NHIS Scheme Zakari Mohammed SADA

Armed robbers attacked Federal Polytechnic, IDAH, KOGI State around 9.00pm, killing a student

Situation North Centre (Abuja FCT, Bauchi, Benue, Gombe, Kogi, Kwara, Nasarawa, Niger, Plateau, Taraba States)

04 July

The Federal High Court, ABUJA, FCT dismissed all charges against Senator Mohammed Ali NDUME and acquitted him on the grounds that there was no prima facie case against him. The Federal Government had charged him with offences against Sections 3, 4 and 7 of the Terrorism Prevention Act 2011

05 July

The DSS stated they had arrested Abubakar MOHAMMED and Hamidu MUSA in MARARABA GARBA CHIDE, GASSOL LGA, TARABA State on suspicion of involvement with Boko Haram

08 July

The COAS Lt Gen BURATAI opened a FOB along OKENE- OKPALLA Road in OKENE LGA, KOGI State to tackle criminality

09 July

Suspected Fulani herdsmen ambushed the Park Rangers in GASHAKA GUMTI National Park, SARDAUNA LGA, TARABA State killing the Chief Park Ranger Haman NJIDDA

The Coordinator of Op Safe Corridor Maj Gen Bamidele SHAFA stated that 52 repentant Boko Haram were undergoing a 16 week de radicalisation programme in GOMBE State involving psychotherapy and trade training in vocational skills such as carpentry, welding, hair dressing and others

Situation External Forces

02 July

Gunmen mounted on camels and horses attacked NGALEWA/ KABALEWA Village, DIFFA Region, NIGER Republic (70km east of DIFFA Town) around 8.00pm with small arms killing 9 with bladed weapons and abducting between 37 women. The gunmen allegedly demanded the release of prisoners in exchange for the hostages.

The G5 Sahel States (BURKINA FASO, CHAD, NIGER Republic, MALI and MAURITANIA) launched the multinational force, based in SEVARE, MALI

03 July

1 x male PBIED detonated in HOMAKA, MAYO SAVA Department, EXTREME NORD Region killing 4 others and wounding 10

04 July

Gunmen attacked Camerounian positions in HOMAKA

05 July

Gunmen disguised as MNJTF and mounted in 2 x Camerounian all terrain vehicles abducted a businessman Alhaji MOUSSA and several of his family members in KARENA, DARAK Arrondissement, LOGONE ET CHARI Department, EXTREME NORD Region in the morning

Nigerien forces patrolling near the KOMADOUGOU YOBE River mistakenly killed 12 Nigerian and 2 Nigerien farmers in the vicinity of ABADAM, DIFFA Region

The Camerounian Minister Delegate of External Affairs Joseph Dion NGUTE held a meeting with Jane KAMINSKI, Regional Manager of the Bureau of Counter Terrorism and Countering Violent Extremism at the US State Department

07 July

2 x PBIEDs were killed by soldiers in KOLOFATA, MAYO SAVA Department at night

08 July

Vigilantes shot 2 x suspected PBIEDs in KERAWA, KOLOFATA Arronidissement, MAYO SAVA Department, EXTREME NORD Region

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NORTHERN NIGERIA INTERNAL SECURITY SITREP- Week Ending 01 July 2017

Situation North East (Adamawa, Borno and Yobe States)

25 June

Elements of 27 TF Bde in BUNI GARI, GUJBA LGA, YOBE State arrested a 20 years old suspected Boko Haram member whilst on perimeter patrol. The suspect was reportedly under the influence of drugs

A male PBIED infiltrated University of MAIDUGURI (UNIMAID) around 10.20pm, detonating and killed 1 x security guard and wounding 2 others.

4 x female PBIEDs attacked ZANNARI Community, GWANGE, JERE LGA, BORNO State around 11.30pm. 2 entered 2 residential buildings, detonating, killing 8 people and wounding 11. The third detonated killing only herself. The 4th detonated but was fatally wounded, later dying in custody

26 June

2 x female PBIEDs detonates at UNIMAID around 4.20am killing only themselves

Boko Haram has released a 17 minute video showing footage from the ambush of the Police/ Army convoy in DAMBOA in which he claimed to have abducted several female police officers who would become their ‘slaves’. The video featured footage purportedly if the ambush and captured vehicles and a still of some women. ‘SHEKAU’ also denounced some Islamic clerics

27 June

1 x male PBIED and 4 x females were killed when the males device prematurely detonated as they approached friendly trenches in MAMMANTI Ward, MOLAI, JERE LGA, BORNO State

887 refugees returned in 6 x NEMA buses from KOLOFATA, CAMEROUN to BAKI. Consisting of 233 women, 187 men, 236 girls and 231 boys they are being sustained by UNHCR protected by 152 BN

28 June

Elements of 29 TF Bde discovered an IED while patrolling along WAJIRO-MALLAM KURAMTI cattle route. It was safely removed and detonated by EOD

Elements of 151 Bn, 21 Bde patrolling to MAYANTI Village, BORNO State were ambushed around 3.30pm, upon clearing the ambush and pursuing the bush, troops recovered 1 x 60mm mortar bomb, 13 x 7.62mm (AK) and 51 x 7.62mm (NATO)

The security forces identified 9 Boko Haram suspects and 100 suspected accomplices at BANKI, BAMA LGA, BORNO State amongst a group of 920 refugees returning from MAROUA, CAMEROUN

The NPF responded to the Boko Haram video confirming that a female Police Inspector and a Corporal were missing from the DAMBOA Ambush

Elements of 151 Bn conducting a fighting patrol on the Lt Col Abu ALI Range, SAMBISA Forest, BAMA LGA, BORNO State discovered a freshly dug hole for an IED, an area search turned up 1 x cylinder main charge, 1 x pressure plate and 1 x battery pack consisting of 3 x 9v batteries. The charge was destroyed in a controlled detonation

Elements of 82 TF Bn patrolled along NGOSHE -PULKA axis, GWOZA LGA, BORNO State discovered 3 x buried IEDs, which were destroyed in situ by EOD

Elements of 159 Bn arrested a suspected Boko Haram collaborator/ informant Abubakar AHMED (23 years old) in GARIN GADA, and Ali MAINA (45 years old) in KANAMMA, YUNUSARI LGA, YOBE State. AHMED was arrested allegedly trying to collect relief materials for Boko Haram. The latter was allegedly en route to GAMARI, NIGER Republic

UNIMAID has begun constructing a 27km long trench around the campus

Gunmen mounted on motorcycles attacked BODERI, DAMBOA LGA, BORNO State killing 6 men and wounding several others

29 June

Elements of 3Bn, 22 Bde ambushed enemy forces along GAMBORU-MUSSINI-LOGOMANI Axis, NGALA LGA, BORNO State who had come to loot a broken down truck in MUSSINI Village. 5 enemy were killed, 1 x AK 47, 1 x AK 47 magazine, 3 x 7.62mm (AK), 27 x bicycles, 10 x machetes and 1 x dagger

A vehicle mounted patrol FROM 133 SF Bn detonated an IED between KANGARWA and ALAGARNO Villages, KUKAWA LGA, BORNO State around 8.00am killing 4, wounding 3 and destroying the vehicle. The suspected 3 man IED team were pursued and killed

Elements of 27 Bde recovered 1 x 122mm D30 unexploded ordinance in an uncompleted building at Federal Low Cost Housing Estate, BUNI YADI, GUJBA LGA YOBE State. The device was safely detonated by EOD

Elements of 8 Div captured 2 youngsters Abubakar ALI (13 years old) and Isah MUSTAPHA (12 years old) allegedly spying on friendly positions in KUKAWA. The boys claimed to have been with the enemy in KANGARWA since 2014

30 June

The BORNO State CJTF stated that 680 of their members had been killed by Boko Haram since 2012

Situation North West (Jigawa, Kaduna, Kano, Katsina, Kebbi, Sokoto and Zamfara States)

24 June

Gunmen mounted in a vehicle opened fire on a police check point in the vicinity of Kings Garden off Club Road, KANO, KANO State killing a policeman and a passer by

25 June

The DSS stated it had arrested a suspected Boko Haram commander and up to 30 suspects in KANO State in a 48 hour joint operation with the NPF in RIJIYAR ZAKI and DORAYI in KANO, KANO State capturing weapons and ammunition and IEDs allegedly aiming to conduct attacks in KANO, SOKOTO and KADUNA States

30 June

The DSS arrested 3 suspected kidnappers in MARIRI along KANO-WUDIL Road, KUMBOTSO LGA, KANO State

Situation North Centre (Abuja FCT, Bauchi, Benue, Gombe, Kogi, Kwara, Nasarawa, Niger, Plateau, Taraba States)

25 June

Clashes between a youth group and vigilantes in ANGWAN YAMAN, KONTAGORA LGA, NIGER State resulted in 1 killed and 5 wounded, following the alleged torture and death of a 17 year old boy by the vigilantes

Gunmen attacked a team of policemen as they attempted to effect the arrest of a group of kidnappers in ALLAWA Village, SHIRORO LGA, NIGER State following the arrest and interrogation of 2 alleged gang members, 2 policemen were killed.

28 June                                                                                                                                             

Up to 50 armed men from LAKSHIKOLDOK Village, SHONGOM LGA, GOMBE State reportedly attacked KUFAI Village, BILLIRI LGA, GOMBE State led to a policeman killed, several wounded and property destroyed. The attack was apparently a response to an earlier attack by BILLIRI people, which was a response to another earlier

Government sources report that over 200 Fulani men, women and children and 20,000 cattle were killed in 4 days of violence and 5,000 homes destroyed in NGUROJE, SABBAL GUDALI, TOFFI, MAYO DAGA, MAYO SINA, TAMIYA, KWARA KWARA, TUNGAN LUGERE, WURO ARDO MUSA and TIMJIRE. The authorities have deployed police, NSCDC, 23 Bde, 3 Div and 20 Bn. Commissioner of Police Yunana BABAS stated that the crisis originated from a court case between 2 Mambila men and a Fulani, which the Mambila men lost and were subsequently jailed. The LGA Chairman John YEP was accused of having mobilised local militias and vigilantes using radio broadcasts to allege, Fulani’s were murdering Mambilas on June 16

Situation External Forces

25 June

Chadian President Idriss DEBY stated that CHAD could be forced to withdraw its troops from the fight against extremists if it didn’t get financial help, stating they had spent over 300bn CFA Francs (£402.77m) fighting terrorism

Elements of Chadian MNJTF Area 2 forces completed a 2 day operation against suspected Boko Haram fighters on 5 Lake CHAD islands MALKONORY, TOUMBO REGOU, ARGUE METILE and TOUMBO losing 8 soldiers killed and 18 wounded. Chadians claim to have killed 162 enemy and destroyed several motorcycles. They captured 1 x VBIED, several dozen motorcycles, weapons and ammunition

30 GIPGN NCOs organised into 6 x Gendarme Counter IED squads completed a 16 week US counter IED course in JORDAN receiving 22 tons of equipment at 101 Military Air Base, YAOUNDE

26 June

The Defence Minister Mansur DAN ALI met with his Italian counterpart Roberta PINNOTI to work on a draft technical agreement to facilitate an exchange of data and experiences on naval issues such as counter piracy and oil platform protection as well as the repair of some self propelled artillery pieces

Gunmen attacked ALAGARNO Village on the edge of WAZA National Park, LOGONE ET CHARI Department, EXTREME NORD Region at night abducting an orderly and stealing medical supplies

28 June

2 x female PBIEDs detonated in a refugee camp in KABELEWA, DIFFA Region killing themselves and 2 others and wounding 11

Gunmen attacked MANIGUEIDE, AFADE MAKARY Arrondissement, LOGONE ET CHARI Department at night but were resisted by local villagers who lost 2 killed, capturing 1 Boko Haram who subsequently died of his wound

29 June

Col Nouma JOSEPH, commander Op Alpha was promoted to Brigadier General amongst a group of 11

USAF Maj Gen J. Marcus HICKS took over command of US Special Operations Command AFRICA (SOCAFRICA) at Kelley Barracks, STUTTGART, GERMANY from US Army Brig Gen Donald C. BOLDUC

30 June

2 x PBIED detonated outside a mosque in KERAWA, MAYO SAVA Department, EXTREME NORD Region killing themselves and 1 other person when challenged by vigilantes

01 July

4 x PBIEDs detonated in NGALBI, MORA Arrondissement, MAYO SAVA Department in the morning killing themselves and a civilian and wounding 2 others after being challenged by vigilantes

2 x PBIEDs were shot in the morning by Camerounian soldiers

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NORTHERN NIGERIA INTERNAL SECURITY SITREP- Week Ending 24 June 2017

Situation North East (Adamawa, Borno and Yobe States)

18 June

Gunmen ambushed soldiers in the vicinity of WAJIRKO, DAMBOA LGA, BORNO State killing 18 June Gunmen attacked KOFA Village, JERE LGA, BORNO State on the outskirts of MAIDUGURI

5 x female PBIEDs detonated in KOFA, near DALORI IDP Camp, JERE LGA, BORNO State. The first 2 others detonated near a mosque killing 8 people and wounding 30 around 8.30pm. The second detonated in the Ward Chief’s home at 8.45pm killing 5 people. 2 others attempting to get into DALORI IDP  Camp, detonated nearby, killing only themselves

Gunmen attacked GUMSIRI (10km from DAMBOA Town), DAMBOA LGA, BORNO State with small arms around 6.00pm defeating local CJTF vigilantes, killing 5 villagers and displacing several hundred more. Vigilantes engaged them, killing 12 and capturing 6.

Residents of 5 villages near MAIDUGURI reportedly fled due to threats from the insurgents to kill all the locals

19 June

2 x PBIEDs were intercepted by vigilante on the outskirts of TSAMIYA Village, MADAGALI LGA, ADAMAWA State, when challenged one detonated killing both. Locals complained gunmen had attacked WAGGA Village the previous week but been defeated losing 3 captured

20 June

Gunmen ambushed a combined civilian/ military/ police convoy heading to ASKIRA along the MAIDUGURI-DAMBOA Road 30km from MAIDUGURI in the vicinity of ABARI DALWA Village, DAMBOA LGA, BORNO State around 10.00am. The 200 vehicle convoy of 51 Sqn MOPOL from OGHARA, DELTA State, humanitarian aid, civilian mourners going to a policeman’s funeral in LASSA. Casualties included 1 x policeman, 1 x soldier and 1 x civilian drivers killed, 6 wounded and several missing. 1 x FN rifle was lost as well as a police truck allegedly containing 16 females including the relatives of a deceased police officer and some female police officers. 2 trucks carrying medical supplies to DAMBOA and CHIBOK were also captured

A vehicle carrying loggers detonated an IED killing 3 in the vicinity of ABBARI Village, KONDUGA LGA, BORNO State around 4.30pm

21 June

The UN WFP announced it would deliver seeds and fertilisers to farmers in North east NIGERIA

24 June

The BORNO State police command restricted all vehicular movements including bicycles and animals in MAIDUGURI and JERE LGA until after the Eid prayers on 25th June 2017

Situation North West (Jigawa, Kaduna, Kano, Katsina, Kebbi, Sokoto and Zamfara States)

20 June

The DSS arrested a suspected Boko Haram IED maker named Bashir MOHAMMED in UNGUWAR BARNAWA, SHEKAR MADAKI, KUMBATSO LGA, KANO State recovering 8 x AK 47, 20 x fully loaded AK 47 magazines (i.e. containing 600 x 7.62mm (AK) rounds), 27 x hand grenades, 793 x 7.62mm (AK) rounds, 1 x gas cylinder, 3 x laptops, 1 x mobile phone, 1 x motorcycle, 1 x car and 1 x printer

22 June

Police state that the abductors of 27 year old businessman Alhaji Abubakar KAKIRKO who was abducted from KIKIRKO Village, WURNO LGA, SOKOTO State on 16th June 2017 have reduced the ransom demand from N500,000.00 to N200,000.00. police believe he is being held in GUNDUMI Forest

23 June

The NSCDC stated it had deployed over 3,000 personnel to KADUNA State for the Eid festivities

IMN members held a procession in ZARI, KADUNA State, thugs reportedly attacked the procession in the vicinity of KASUNWAN BARCI Roundabout, TUDUN WADA in the PZ area around 1.00pm. Police engaged the melee with tear gas and live ammunition as IMN members reportedly attempted to flee towards MAIMUNA GWARZO Junction. 5 people were reportedly killed, 2 wounded and 10 arrested

The DSS stated it had disrupted suspected terror attacks planned for KANO, SOKOTO, KADUNA and MAIDUGURI during the Sallah celebrations. 2 suspects Yusuf ADAMU and Abdumumuminu HALADU were arrested early morning in SOKOTO State. They also state that Boko Haram was planning to infiltrate IMN rallies to perpetrate attacks, an allegation the IMN strongly refuted.

IMN held rallies in KATSINA, KEBBI and KADUNA State as part of their annual Quds Day commemoration in sympathy with the Palestinians

Situation North Centre (Abuja FCT, Bauchi, Benue, Gombe, Kogi, Kwara, Nasarawa, Niger, Plateau, Taraba States)

18 June

Suspected Kaka Mambila militants attacked Fulani settlements in GEMBU, NGUROJE and other Village, SARDAUNA LGA, TARABA State early in the morning burning up to 120 houses and killing 2 people and several cows. Locals were displaced to GEMBU, SERTI and JALINGO. Villagers from GISHIRI, RIBA’U, MAYO DELLE, HAINARE JAURO YAJI and GIDAN KAKARA fled over the border to CAMEROUN

19 June

8 suspected Boko Haram members were charged by the DSS with the 2011 abduction from KEBBI State and murder of 5 foreign construction workers and culpability in the murder of 7 foreigners abducted from a construction site in BAUCHI State in February 2013. The defendants include 6 of the 7 originally charged and 2 new defendants Mohammed SANI and Abubakar ABDULRAHMAN

20 June

Gunmen reportedly from the MAMBILLA Militia attacked Fulani Villages around MAYO NDAGA, SARDAUNA LGA, killing people and cattle and burning property

Suspected herdsmen allegedly attacked rice farmers in the NORTH BANK Area of MAKURDI, BENUE State, wounding several

21 June

Troops commanded by Brigadier B.A. MUHAMMAD deployed to GEMBU, SARDAUNA LGA, TARABA State to quell the violence on the MAMBILLA Plateau

22 June

Suspected Mambila gunmen attacked HAYIN KOGI Village, SARDAUNA LGA

The Acting President Yemi OSIBANJO has deployed an extra battalion, police and NSCDC to TARABA State to deal with the Mambila crisis. He also ordered relief materials be delivered to TOFFI, MAYO DAGA, MAYO SINA, TAMIYA, KWARA KWARA, TUNGAN LUGERE, TIMIJIRE, NGUROJE and other villages on the MAMBILA Plateau. The official casualty list from the police are 24 dead, 34 wounded and 99 houses burnt

23 June

TARABA State Police Command stated that 8 people had been arrested in relation to the violence in SARDAUNA LGA

Situation External (Rest of the World)

19 June

Camerounian Police state they have seized over 200 kg of narcotics hidden in boxes and containers in FOTOKOL, LOGONE ET CHARI Department, EXTREME NORD Region heading towards Lake Chad. The drugs included tramadol, cannabis, cocaine and others

20 June

An IED detonated between GOUZDA VREKET and ZANGA, MAYO MOSKOTA Arrondissement, MAYO TSANAGA Department, killing a Camerounian soldier

The Action Group against Money Laundering in Central Africa (GABAC) released a report alleging that the Camerounian Government paid a $3.14m/ 2bn CFA Franc ransom for the abducted French family Moulin- Fournier. Boko Haram allegedly demanded $3.5m, through French and Camerounian mediators, of whom the main one was a Camerounian named Alhaji ABDALLA

21 June

3 x PBIEDs detonated in KOLOFATA, MAYO SAVA Department, EXTREME NORD Region, killing themselves and 5 others

Gunmen murdered the village head of DOGLO, NIGERIA who was a refugee in FADJE FOTA, LOGONE ET CHARI Departmen

22 June

6 people were killed when gunmen engaged Camerounian forces in the vicinity of BARGARAM, HILE ALIFA Arrondissement, LOGONE ET CHARI Department

The UN Security Council approved a resolution authorising the deployment of a Sahel military force from MALI, BURKINA FASO, MAURITANIA, CHAD and NIGER Republic. Due to US objections, the resolution was watered down removing UN authorisation, UN financing and Chapter 7 military options. The EU has donated 50m Euros

23 June

A female PBIED was shot by soldiers in the vicinity of KOLOFATA in the morning

2 x PBIEDs detonated in MORA,MAYO SAVA Department killing themselves and wounding a civilian

24 June

The US Ambassador to CAMEROUN Michael Stephen HOZA presented 22 tons of counter IED equipment to Camerounian Gendarmes (GPIGN) including x ray scanners, metal detectors, explosive transport boxes, cleaning kits, digital cameras

Camerounian Defence Minister Joseph Beti ASSOMO toured 2nd and 4th Military Regions (RMIA2 and RMIA4) going to MAROUA and DOUALA, and has stated security will be beefed up for Eid celebrations.

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NORTHERN NIGERIA INTERNAL SECURITY SITREP- Week Ending 17 June 2017

 

Situation North East (Adamawa, Borno and Yobe States)

11 June

Gunmen ambushed vigilantes in the vicinity of KAYAMLA Village, KONDUGA LGA, BORNO State around 5.30am with small arms whilst hidden in trees as the vigilantes were moving to a forming up point with troops for an attack on Boko Haram. 8 were killed

Elements of 3 Bn, 22 Bde supported by CJTF vigilantes conducting clearance operations in the vicinity of JARAWA Village, KALA BALGE LGA, BORNO State were ambushed 1km from the village, they won the firefight and pursued the enemy into the nearby forest, killing a large number of enemy including the enemy Amir ABU NAZIR, capturing 1 x AK 47, 1 x double barrel shotgun, 1 x IED and 3 x motorcycles. 9 x abducted children being trained by the enemy were rescued

The Village heads of ALI DAWARI Village, JERE LGA, BORNO State accused the Army of burning and looting food and livestock from their village. They allege a Captain SAI’DU ordered them to leave and then committed the alleged acts. The 4 village heads allege that they warned the military of the impending attack 3 times but were ignored

CJTF vigilantes attacked a suspected insurgent camp in the vicinity of YALE, KONDUGA LGA, near SAMBISA Forest. The enemy counter attacked killing 5 vigilantes. A soldier was also reportedly killed in the fighting

Gunmen mounted on motorcycles attacked KOMDI, CHIBOK LGA, BORNO State, 12km from CHIBOK Town around 6.00pm with small arms, killing 3 people and looting food stuffs and livestock, and then burning the village. They then attack TUYAN Village, CHIBOK LGA 2 km away, killing 2 people with 5 women and 1 girl missing believed abducted after the attackers looted foodstuffs and livestock and burnt the village

13 June

Gunmen ambushed soldiers along DAMBOA Road, in DAMBOA LGA between MAIDUGURI and DAMBOA with small arms and IEDs around 8.30pm capturing 2 x Toyota Hiluxes

17 June

Gunmen attacked GUMSIRI (10km from DAMBOA Town), DAMBOA LGA, BORNO State with small arms around 6.00pm defeating local CJTF vigilantes, killing several villagers and displacing several hundred more

The Acting Presidents’ Spokesman stated that up to 50% of the food aid for victims of the North East crisis had been diverted

Situation North West (Jigawa, Kaduna, Kano, Katsina, Kebbi, Sokoto and Zamfara States)

12 June

Gunmen attacked KUNGI Village, near BIRNIN GWARI, BIRNIN GWARI LGA, KADUNA State around 11.00pm, going house to house to steal cattle. The raid ended around 2.00am with 38 cattle stolen. The police arrived after the attack to pursue the robbers, who reportedly shot at them

13 June

The IGP has deployed another 600 man Tactical Operations Team to operate along the ABUJA -KADUNA Expressway at RIJANA Village, KACHIA LGA, KADUNA State

14 June

Elements of 1 Div conducted a cordon and search operation in RIJANA Forest, KACHIA LGA, KADUNA State, capturing a suspected gang leader Sani IBRAHIM (aka BURTU) and recovering 1 x motorcycle and 25 x goats. Troops also intercepted suspected bandits along the ZAMFARA State/ KEBBI State border, killing 3 suspects and recovering 134 x cattle and 13 x sheep

15 June

Elements of Op Yaki supported by the IGPs Intelligence Response Team and Technical Intelligence Unit arrested 6 suspected kidnappers along ABUJA-KADUNA Express Way. The leader was detained in AMANA Village, IGABI LGA, others were arrested in LIMAN IBADA Village, CHIKUN LGA, RIJANA Village, KACHIA LGA and GADAN GAYAN, IGABI LGA. The alleged receiver of the stolen items from their victims was also arrested in RIJANA

16 June

Gunmen ambushed a bus carrying up to 20 students from the TUDUN WADA School of Midwifery along BIRNIN GWARI Road, BIRNIN GWARI LGA, KADUNA State abducting 3 students and a lecturer

Fulani sociocultural group MACBAN stated that youths attacked a Fulani man travelling from PANDA, KARU LGA, NASARAWA State to LADDUGA, KACHIA LGA, KADUNA State in the vicinity of MAHO Village, MAZUGA District, KACHIA LGA and amputated his hand

17 June

Police arrested several suspected bandits and kidnappers who operate on the ABUJA- KADUNA Road in various locations, on the 15th one was arrested in RIJANA, KACHIA LGA another in ANGUWAN PAMA, IGABI LGA, 2 were arrested in MARABAN JOS, KADUNA, KADUNA State on the 16th GADAN GAYAM Village, IGABI LGA, KADUNA State, 1 was arrested in RIJANA and 2 more in RIJANA on the 17th. Police recovered N17,000.00, 3 x mobile phones,4 x SIM cards and 2 x military style uniforms

Situation North Centre (Abuja FCT, Bauchi, Benue, Gombe, Kogi, Kwara, Nasarawa, Niger, Plateau, Taraba States)

12 June

The traditional ruler of AUCHI stated that the Commandant of the Nigeria Army School of Engineering had informed 24 suspected Boko Haram members were arrested in AUCHI, ESTAKO WEST LGA, EDO State masquerading as Fulani herdsmen

A political rally organised by Senator Dino MELAYE (PDP, KOGI WEST) at KOGI State Polytechnic, FELELE, LOKOJA, KOGI State turned violent resulting in 2 civilians’ dead and 2 DSS bodyguards injured. The event was disrupted by gunmen who dismounted from a Toyota Sienna SUV around 11.00am who engaged his bodyguards in a firefight for over an hour until the NPF and Army intervened

14 June

Suspected Jukun gunmen attacked FIIDI, MAKURDI LGA, BENUE State (a Tiv area) along MAKURDI-GBOKO Highway at midnight burning several buildings including the traditional Rulers Palace and a Catholic church in a 2 hour attack

The Head of Army Civil Relations Maj Gen Nuhu ANGBAZO presented the Army’s report of alleged Human Rights violations and stated that there was insufficient evidence to charge the 9 commanders mentioned in the 2015 Amnesty International Report. The panel recommended a Presidential Commission to investigate allegations of war crimes.

15 June

Gunmen ambushed a car along AVERE-IKARE Road, abducting the former KOGI State House of Assembly Press Director and his junior brother. His kidnappers reportedly contacted the family the next day demanding a N40m ransom

BENUE State Police Command claim to have broken up kidnapping gangs in MAKURDI and KATSINA ALA LGAs, arresting 11 suspects. 4 suspects were arrested following a tip off and a firefight at ABAJI Town, KATSINA ALA LGA. Rescuing a local businessman and his son

16 June

Elements of 33 Bde arrested a suspected Boko Haram member Aliyu AHMED (aka ALIKO) in YUGA Village, TORO LGA, BAUCHI State, following a tip off, recovering 1 x single barrel firearm and 1 x dane gun. The suspect allegedly stated that he had participated in several Boko Haram attacks and owned an AK 47 which he’d lost.

17 June

Gunmen from a Mambila militia attempted to attack NGOUROGE Town, SARDAUNA LGA, TARABA State but were deterred by soldiers from 20 Bn at SERTI. The gunmen then moved towards GEMBU the LGA headquarters and the attacked a village near LIKITABA, killing some people and their cows. Around 7.00pm they attacked CHABAL PELUWAJE, again killing cows and people and burning the village destroying over 40 villages and settlements by midnight

The Army and Police conducted a joint operation in ABAJI, KATSINA ALA LGA, BENUE State against the Terwase AGWAZA (aka GHANA) gang, following a tip off. They arrested the alleged second in command of the gang ‘BISHOP’. One policeman was killed.

Situation External (Rest of the World)

14 June

A male PBIED detonated in AMCHIDE, MAYO SAVA Department, EXTREME NORD Region at night killing only himself

Gunmen attacked SANDAWADJIRI, MAYO TSANAGA Department, EXTREME NORD Region at night killing a vigilante and wounding 9

15 June

1 x PBIED detonated behind the public school in LIMANI, MAYO SAVA Department at night killing a child and the bomber and wounding 7 people

Camerounian soldiers inadvertently engaged vigilantes in the vicinity of KOLOFATA, MAYO SAVA Department with small arms and RPGs killing 1 and wounding 9.

The EU is to provide a 143 Euro support package for recovery and reconstruction in and around BORNO State.

Posted in Counter insurgency, Defence, Nigeria Defence, Nigeria Strategy, Terrorism | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , | 1 Comment

Technically Defeated: The Nigerian Army’s Operation Against Boko Haram

Nigeria’s’ Chief of Army Staff (COAS) Lt Gen Buratai recently visited the UK, giving a presentation on ‘The Nigerian Army’s Operation Against Boko Haram’ at the Royal United Services Institute in London.

We will examine this lecture and what it tells us about how the Nigerian Army perceives its operations against Boko Haram and equally importantly how it wishes the rest of the world to perceive its operations.

The COAS identified 12 key factors that helped turn the tide against Boko Haram as:

  • Provision of Purposeful leadership
  • Understanding the Operating Environment
  • Nature and type of conflict
  • Strategy and tactics employed
  • Logistics support
  • State of manpower
  • Intelligence
  • Media and information operations
  • Psychological operations
  • Respect for human rights
  • Cooperation with other security agencies
  • International collaboration

Provision of Purposeful leadership: was exemplified by the change in political and military leadership, reorganisation at the operational and tactical level (the nature of which was unspecified), the relocation of theatre command to Maiduguri and the COASs’ personal visits to the operational area were considered key

Understanding the Operating Environment: the operational area was defined as Adamawa, Borno, Yobe, Bauchi and Gombe States, with Borno, Adamawa and Yobe alone estimated (why it is still an estimate is curious) at 152,000 square kilometres, with poor infrastructure and limited government involvement. To overcome this, he stated the Army had opened up inaccessible areas through road construction and improved situational awareness by the creation of the Nigerian Army Special Forces School (NASFS), Buni Yadi to conduct pre deployment training for troops about to deploy to the operational area.

Nature and type of conflict: he identified that the nature of the group was peculiar, was very resilient with a loose structure and unconventional tactics

Strategy and tactics employed: he identified strategic changes such as the creation of the theatre command, deployment of Tactical Divisional HQ’s for 3 and 7 Division and the creation of 8 Division, as well as the adjustment of unit boundaries. Operationally he identified the use of IED clearance vehicles and detectors to improve mobility, the creation of a Nigeria Army Aviation unit, the deployment of Motorcycle Battalions and CIMIC activities.

Operational activities have included the deployment of blocking forces (he did not specify where), Special Forces action and mobile clearance operations which had cleared over 200 villages and freed 46,000 abductees

Logistics support: he highlighted the importance of logistics, emergency procurement of arms and equipment and establishment of logistics bases

State of manpower: he stated there had been an improvement in the quality and number of troops deployed, with an increase from 58 to 112 units (he did not specify the type of units, one can assume he means battalions) from July 2015 to date whilst troop numbers had increased from 18, 350 to 36,500 in the same time period. Facilities at the Nigerian Army School of Infantry (NASI) had been improved and expanded to include counter IED, anti ambush, patrols, cordon and search and raids techniques as well as regular troop rotations, medical evacuation, leave passes and prompt payment

Intelligence: he stated that seamless links between operational cells and intelligence were vital and that HUMINT, TECHINT and SIGINT, information from captured enemy, IDPs and escapees were being used to develop an intelligence picture, in addition to the use Nigerian ISR platforms and those of the P3 Partners (USA, UK and France).

Media and information operations: the COAS stated he had implemented a new media policy to better inform the public, using embedded journalists that accompanied senior officers and the increased use of social media

Psychological operations: he stated the Army had targeted hearts and minds through quick impact projects like roads, boreholes and medical outreaches as well as using leaflets to disseminate information.

Respect for human rights: in order to establish respect for human rights he stated that the Department for Civil Military Affairs expanded to include a human rights desk. A Code of Conduct and Rules of Engagement had been developed and distributed to troops and international NGOs such as the ICRC invited in to inspect detention facilities. He also stated they had provided an enabling environment for 69 international NGOs to provide humanitarian assistance

Cooperation with other security agencies: he highlighted the NAF was providing close air support, air interdiction, aerial surveillance, casualty evacuation, air lift and resupply. The Navy had deployed the Nigerian Navy Special Boat Service (NN SBS) to Lake Chad and the provided patrol boats. The police, NSCDC, Immigration and Customs were also identified as having been deployed in Borno and Yobe States

International collaboration: he highlighted joint operations around Lake Chad by the MNJTF, intelligence sharing, training, logistics with others such as the P3, Community of Sahel Saharan States and Islamic Coalition against Terrorism.

Current Situation: he stated that since July 2015, the number of LGA’s in Borno State with a military presence had increased from 4 to 27 (out of 27), as well as parts of Yobe and Adamawa State, 3,133 enemy killed, 5,475 arrested, 32 IED making facilities destroyed, 81 IEDs destroyed, 689 successful ambushed, 1,155 arms captured, 85,349 x rounds of ammunition captured, 100, 852 persons rescued and enemy numbers reduced from approximately 35,000 to 1,500.

Friendly casualties were put at 269 troops had been killed, 524 wounded and 12 missing.

Stabilisation:  the COAS concluded by stating that the Army was transitioning into the stabilisation phase, moving from major operations to small scale mop up, clearance operations, moving to highly mobile brigades, a phased draw down of troops, rotation of troops in theatre, the deployment of police and other security agencies and facilitating the restoration of civil administration

Analysis:

The presentation gave out very little information that could not be gleaned from open sources which was disappointing as the COAS schedule of public meetings in the UK, such as the RUSI presentation, the Land Warfare Conference and media appearances were obviously part of a programme of engagement with the international defence and security community to sell the narrative of the ‘technical defeat of Boko Haram’.

Overall it is safe to say that the factors identified correctly led to the technical defeat of Boko Haram, The COAS correctly identified leadership as a key problem at the political, strategic and operational level but he did not expand on what the Army’s strategy was or any particular tactics used, rather he highlighted organisational changes such as boundary adjustments, operational activities such as mobility, the use of blocking forces, special forces and mobile clearance operations without specifying how they functioned in his concept of operations much less identify his intent.

Clarifying those points would also have helped in understanding how CIMIC intelligence, media ops and psyops were being used in the campaign. Each of these areas have shown improvement but it is not clear how they fit into the overall campaign plan beyond a directive from the COAS to improve all these fields.

Logistics was mentioned as important but no details as to what logistical problems they had or if and how they were overcome.

Although the presentation summarised the key points that the COAS needed to get across quite well, the lack of detail and unimaginative delivery did not do justice to this fascinating story of defeat into victory.

More worryingly the brief had no clear picture of the Enemies situation or even an honest appraisal of the current situation for friendly forces, rendering the conclusion about transitioning into Stabilisation Operations slightly suspect.

For a war that is being fought for the people, amongst the people the section on ‘Nature and type of conflict’ was one of the shortest parts of the presentation with little indication of an in depth understanding of the enemy. ‘Understanding the nature of the conflict’ related to problems related to the terrain, with nary a mention of the peculiarities of the physical and human terrain. Even the exact size of Borno, Adamawa and Yobe State were an estimate.

It is unclear if this is because the Army does not wish to share this information or does not have it.

Without a fundamental understanding of the operating environment much less the enemy, their objectives, origins, structure, intent, motivation and capabilities it is impossible to categorically state that that enemy is defeated much less to move into the post conflict stage.

Boko Haram commanders may not have read Mao Tse Tsungs’ treatise Yu Chi Chan (On Guerrilla Warfare) but they have followed it and its Vietnamese variant, which breaks a conflict into 3 flexible stages of Defence (Preparation and Organisation), Equilibrium (Terrorism/ guerrilla warfare) and Offense (Conventional warfare).

In recent months, the enemy has successfully raided Maiduguri, repeatedly ambushed friendly forces in the past few months and launched dozens of suicide bombing attacks against Maiduguri and in Extreme Nord Region Cameroun.

The enemy appears to have a strong presence in the LGA’s around Sambisa Forest such as Jere, Konduga, Damboa and Biu and whilst quiet in the areas around Lake Chad, have not been reduced or defeated.

Raids on villages to steal food, livestock and people have continued unabated

All of this is happening whilst the experienced and combat hardened units are being replaced or completely rotated out.

If one recalls the Maoist dictum ‘The enemy advances, we retreat; the enemy stops, we harass; the enemy tires, we attack; the enemy retreats, we pursue’ then it’s safe to argue that these actions are not those of a defeated enemy, rather an enemy that is organising and preparing, whilst engaging in terrorism and guerrilla warfare in preparation for an offensive.

Conclusion:

The Nigerian Army is keen to impress a narrative on the world, their foreign partners and within Nigeria that reforms and a change in leadership have been effective and have led to a defeat of Boko Haram.

This narrative is broadly correct however the Army also appears to have drawn the conclusion that the operational defeat of Boko Haram is the same as the strategic defeat of Boko Haram and thus they can transition from major combat operations to stabilisation.

This is clearly contrary to the nature of insurgencies as well as the clear actions of Boko Haram  themselves who have accepted their operational defeat as simply part of an extended campaign, in which, they have simply traded space for time, without losing the will or capability to fight or to take the fight to the Army and to its headquarters in Maiduguri.

It is a curious and disappointing that at the stage of the campaign where the Army should be reinforcing success, by flooding the operational area with more troops to hunt down and destroy the weakened remnants of Boko Haram, the Army is in essence declaring victory and withdrawing.

Whilst it remains true that Boko Haram is technically defeated, they will not remain so for long.

Posted in Counter insurgency, Defence, Nigeria Defence, Nigeria Strategy, Stabilisation, Terrorism | Tagged , , , , , , , | 15 Comments

The Kaduna Declaration and IPOB: Igbos in the middle

On May 30th 2017, the 50th anniversary of the declaration of the Republic of Biafra from the former Eastern Region, neo Biafran groups IPOB and a faction of MASSOB ordered their supporters to sit at home for what they termed ‘Heroes Day’.

On 6thJune 2017 the Arewa Youth Leaders Forum a collection of Northern Nigerian organisations released a statement in Arewa House, Kaduna, Kaduna State. Named the Kaduna Declaration it was an ultimatum expiring on 1st October 2017 to people from Nigeria’s 3rd largest tribe (the Igbo’s) to leave Northern Nigeria in 90 days due to ‘Igbo Provocation’ in the form of the 30th May sit at home protests.

The announcement was followed by condemnation by several Northern Nigerian groups and Governors as well as an order for their arrest (as yet unrealised) and a relatively reserved but smug response by IPOB.

This situation bears looking at as it ties into Nigeria’s current political and its historical approach to ethnic conflict with clear security and humanitarian implications. We will look at the different factors that pertain to this situation below, starting with the declaration itself.

The Kaduna Declaration:

The key points from the declaration can be summarised below.

Igbos were:

  • Described as ‘unruly’ and ‘cruel’
  • Accused of encroaching on others rights by the sit at home protest in the South East,
  • Accused of damaging collective nationhood’ by leading the first coup
  • Accused of ‘orchestrating’ the civil war
  • Deemed responsible for ‘Nigeria’s cultural and moral degeneracy’ through crime
  • Accused of supplying weapons to Boko Haram
  • Accused of masquerading as Fulani herdsmen to commit violent atrocities
  • Accused of showing contempt for Nigerian democracy

The signatories complained about the ‘docile Northern response’, proposing instead to:

  • Refuse to coexist with Igbos
  • Call upon national and international stakeholders to facilitate the final dissolution of ‘this hopeless union’

Their method for doing this was:

  • ‘Reclaim, assume and assert sole ownership of landed properties all over the North.. enjoyed by the ingrate Igbos’, with the signatories of the declaration ‘…..mandated to commence immediate inventory of all properties, spaces or activity in the north…by Igbos for forfeiture at the expiration of the ultimatum….’, on the basis that Igbos living in the North and Northerners living in the East had 3 months to leave, each Region.
  • The ultimatum is to be enforced by ‘civil society and pressure groups…to mobilize for sustained and coordinated campaigns at their respective State Government Houses, Houses of Assembly, Local Government Council Secretariat and Traditional Palaces to mount pressure…’.

It concluded by stating that as of 1st October 2017 an ‘effective, peaceful and safe mop up of all remnants of the stubborn Igbos…. shall commence’

The Signatories

The Declaration was reportedly supported by 16 groups however there were only 9 signatories namely; Nastura Sharif of the Arewa Citizens Action for Change (ACAC), Alhaji Ambassador Shettima Yerima of the Arewa Youth Consultative Forum (AYCF), Aminu Adam of the Arewa Youth Development Foundation (AYDF), Alfred Solomon of the Arewa Students Forum (ASF), Abdul- Azeez Suleiman of the Northern Emancipation Network (NEN), Mohammad A. Mohammad of the Northern Youth Stakeholders Forum (NYSF), Mohammed Tasiu Pantami of the North East Assembly and Joshua Viashman of the Northern Youth Vanguard.

The groups are an interesting mix, it is unclear how established they are or how many members they have. There is a fondness in Nigeria for setting up groups and associations which generally have large, important titles but few if any members, to try and clarify this we can review open source English language and some Hausa language sources.

The Arewa Students Forum seems mainly focussed on education issues especially in Bauchi State.

Abdul- Azeez Suleiman’s Northern Emancipation Network describes itself as a coalition of Northern groups but appear to insert themselves into spats involving the former ruling political party the Peoples Democratic Party (PDP) such as when the ex COAS General Ihejirika and ex Borno State Governor Ali Modu Sherrif were accused of complicity with Boko Haram in 2014, in which they issued a press release focussed on exonerating PDP of the alleged links to Boko Haram. In 2015 they complained that former President Obasanjo tore up his PDP membership card, comparing him to a ‘motor park tout’, a compliment they also extended to the Oba of Lagos when they defended former Vice President Atiku from him.

In 2014 the ACAC issued a joint press release with the AYDF taking umbrage with Niger Delta militant Asari Dokubo. Curiously it is signed on behalf of ACAC by Aminu Adamu current signatory for AYDF, while AYDF’s signatory was Barrister Ali Usman.

Aminu Adam’s Arewa Youth Development Foundation (AYDF) appears to be the most consistent in a hard line Northern chauvinist attitude, with several petitions for non Northerners to leave the North. They also spent some time defending Atiku from attacks by Nasir El Rufai

The most interesting was issued in July 2015, in which they issued a 2 week ultimatum at the Emir of Kanos Palace, to all Northerners in the east and Igbo’s in the North to return to their Regions of origin due to the ‘humiliation of Northerners in the East’.

They apparently withdrew the ultimatum only to reissue it again in November 2015, the renewed ultimatum not only uses more or less the same reasons as the 2017 Kaduna Declaration (except for the accusation of supplying Boko Haram) and had exactly the same signatories (except that the Northern Youth Vanguard was named the Arewa Youth Vanguard).

The most prolific activist appears to be the media friendly Alhaji Ambassador Shettima Yerima of the Arewa Youth Consultative Forum, who opines on topics as varied as absolving the North of complicity in the death of MKO Abiola (June 12 1993 Presidential election winner), complaining about youth and student groups endorsing former President Jonathan in the 2015 election despite disavowing a collection of Northern Peoples Democratic Party (PDP) Governors named the G7 (Niger, Jigawa, Kano, Sokoto, Adamawa and Kwara States) who were seeking to challenge the incumbent President Jonathan in the PDP Presidential primaries in 2013. In September 2013 he held a curious meeting in Owerri, Imo State with MASSOB leader Ralph Uwazuruike, Hamza Al Mustapha (ex dictator Sani Abachas former Chief Security Officer), Niger Delta militant Mujahid Asari Dokubo, Dr Frederick Fasheun of the Oodu’a Peoples Congress and Sani Abacha’s son Mohammed Abacha, ostensibly to discuss the ‘general interest of the country’. Al Mustapha had been sentenced to death for the 1996 murder of MKO Abiolas’ wife Kudirat but had been freed from a death sentence on appeal in July 2013, an event that drew praise from Shettima and the AYCF.

Al Mustapha subsequently attempted to organise a million man march with Asari Dokubo, including ACAC and AYDF, who rapidly dissociated themselves from the effort

In 2009 he was charged by the DSS with recruiting and training Hausa youth in Lagos as a paramilitary force, it is unclear what happened to those charges.

His most curious past pronouncement was in October 2015 in which he voiced solidarity with the Eastern complaints of marginalisation and stated he thought neo-Biafran agitation to be justified.

In 2017 Shettima took Senate President Saraki to task over his refusal to swear in an elected Senator from Akwa Ibom State. In April 2017 he complained that ‘a cabal’ around President Buhari was ‘turning him into private property’ and a few days before the ultimatum he accused the Vice President/ Acting President Yomi Osibanjo of appointing mostly Yorubas and members of his church (the Redeemed Christian Church of God (RCCG)) to his staff, which the Acting President refuted by publishing a staff list.

The contradictory positions and personalities advocated for in the past indicate most of the signatories are professional ‘activists’ who host events and issue press releases at the behest of politicians hence.  Although many of their pronouncements have a strong (but understandable) Northern bent and in some cases a Northern supremacist tendency, the groups and their leaders seemed to embrace a wide variety of causes, giving credence to the observation that the groups are more tools of politicians (particularly PDP politicians) than actual ethnic ideologues. The PDP focus might be significant however it could also be simply a factor of that party’s 16 year dominance of the political sphere, giving them more funds and reasons to pay for surrogates.

IPOB and Kanu:

The ostensible reason for the 2017 ultimatum is neo Biafran agitation (also cited in the 2015 ultimatum).

As discussed in previous articles, neo Biafran agitation began in 1999 with the end of the Abacha dictatorship by the Movement for the Actualisation for the Sovereign State of Biafra (MASSOB) led by Ralph Uwazuruike.

The Indigenous People of Biafra (IPOB) was formed in 2012 by the former Director of Radio Biafra (MASSOB’s online radio station) Nnamdi Kanu as a more radical neo Biafran group, combining secessionism, conspiracy theories, Jewish lost tribe theories, Igbo supremacy and tribalism into a quasi-religious cult. Their narrative is disseminated by Radio Biafra, social media, an aggressive propaganda campaign and publicity stunts and claims that the Igbo peoples descended from the Jews of the Middle East and are the chosen people of their god (Chukwu Okike Abiam) and that Biafra was an ancient pre colonial Kingdom which was suppressed by the perfidious British in order to give Hausa Fulanis control of the future Nigeria and enslave Chukwu Okike Abiam’s chosen people, i.e. the Igbos.

IPOB remained at the fringe of Igbo society and polity and even at the fringe of the neo Biafran movement until 2015 and the defeat of former President Jonathan and the PDP in the Presidential election after which IPOB and neo Biafran agitation attracted the support of disgruntled politicians and Niger Delta militants, with rhetoric and agitation increasing until the arrest of Kanu in October 2015 on charges of treasonable felony.

Repression of IPOB demonstrations and meetings became deadly in 2015 with detention, fatalities and injuries in Onitsha, Bayelsa and Port Harcourt. This was repeated in 2016 in Aba, Asaba and Onitsha.

The last fatal demonstration was a Trump solidarity rally in Port Harcourt on 21 January 2017.

Several Eastern politicians such as the Imo State Governor Rochas Okorocha, (or Okoro-awusa according to Kanu during his Radio Biafra days) from the ruling APC party requested the Federal Government release him on bail.

Other prominent Eastern supporters were 3 term Deputy Senate President Ike Ekweremadu (PDP, Enugu), Senator Eyinnaya Abaribe and former Minister of Aviation Osita Chidoka (UPP, Anambra)

Interestingly Kanu’s his most vocal supporters outside IPOB were two Yoruba politicians; Femi Fani Kayode (popularly known as FFK) and Ayo Fayose.

Fani Kayode, a British educated scion of a Yoruba political family from Osun State, was a Minister of Tourism and then Aviation in President Obasanjos’ administration

Originally a member of the opposition All Parties Congress, in 2008 he was charged and tried with corruption. He was a vocal and articulate critic of PDP and President Jonathan until June 2014 when he joined PDP, becoming a vocal and articulate critic of then candidate Gen. Buhari and the APC.

In November 2014, the number of charges were reduced from 40 to 2 and the allegedly laundered amount from N100m to N2.1m. Charges were dismissed in July 2015

The defeat of PDP and a resumption of corruption charges led FFK to identify with all of President Buharis, perceived political adversaries such as Sambo Dasuki and Kanu, adopting the IPOB cause and advocating for neo Biafra in the media. He visited Kanu in court and prison, with Kanu returning the hospitality upon release.

A similar personality is the Governor of Ekiti State (a Yoruba State in the Southwest) Ayo Fayose, whose self appointed mantle of opposition attack dog has seen him accuse President Buharis wife of being wanted for money laundering in the US as well as adopt the IPOB/ Kanu cause.

Kanu was eventually released on bail on 28 April 2017, leaving his 3 co defendeants in detention, despite his bail conditions stipulating no media interviews or gatherings, he has used his notoriety well, to give interviews and meet with his members and other publicity stunts.

Sit At Home

30 May 2017 would mark the 50th anniversary of the declaration of the Republic of Biafra. Whilst the day generally passed quietly throughout the country, neo Biafrans have tagged it Hero Day and have used it to commemorate the fallen from the Civil War with rallies, which were repressed by the Government.

In a change of strategy (which undoubtedly saved many lives) IPOB declared the day to be a ‘Sit at Home’ Day for all ‘Biafrans’, in which schools, businesses, markets would not open.

There were significant closures on the day in the East, particularly the core Igbo States and Port Harcourt, with some sitting at home in compliance and others for fear of violence and reprisals.

Several key events moved IPOB from being a ridiculous fringe movement to being a major player in Nigerian politics; the first being the defeat of the PDP government, who had used appropriated the IPOB narrative of Buhari as a tribalist, religious fundamentalist who would impose Sharia law nationwide (and legalise gay marriage) during the election. The shock loss of power gave IPOB a boost in the South South, ably fuelled by out of favour politicians and Niger Delta militants.

Secondly the arrest of Kanu, elevated him from a minor irritant to a cause celebre. His prolonged detention on fairly flimsy charges, without trial or bail elevated him to a prisoner of conscience.

Thirdly the response of President Buhari and the Nigerian security forces of repression and a failure to empathise, ignore IPOB or even dialogue with moderate Igbo elements.

The fourth component was the 50th anniversary of the Declaration of Biafra, a date which resonates with Igbo’s if not the rest of Nigeria.

The successful sit at home demonstration, followed by the litany of politicians and others visiting Kanu, put IPOB at the height of its powers.

The Kaduna Declaration followed 6 days later

Responses

Northern: the Declaration was met with general condemnation by Northern elites, with a few notable exceptions such as Northern Elders Forum (NEF) leader Ango Abdullahi.

On 7th June, Yerima Shettima and Isaac Balami recorded a video stating, there was no need for panic and advocating unity. They did not explicitly renounce or take back the ultimatum and then the next day the signatories issued another Press Release reinforcing their demands.

Eastern: Eastern politicians and elites universally condemned the Declaration and called on the Federal Government to intervene and host governments to protect Igbo people

Rest of Nigeria: groups from the East, West, South South, Middle Belt etc condemned the declaration.

A coalition of Niger Delta militants not to be out done stated that Northerners should return all oil blocs and leave all oil producing states in 3 months and that the Federal Government should replace the Inspector General of Police, DSS Director General and NSA with a person from the South West, South east and South South respectively.

The Yoruba Sociocultural group Afenifere called for a referendum to determine the countries future, the Arewa Youth Forum disassociated itself from the ultimatum

Government: The Kaduna State Governor ordered the signatories arrest on the 7th of June.

Virtually all Northern Governors led by Borno and Kaduna State condemned the Declaration as did numerous traditional leaders, with the Emir of Kano releasing a statement in which he stated ‘the Igbo’s had learnt their lesson’.

On the 8th of June, the IGP of the Police put police forces on alert and the Chairman of the South East Governors Forum Ebonyi State Governor Chief David Umahi condemned the statement and reiterated Eastern support for One Nigeria

On the 13th members of the National Assembly met the head of the police and Armed forces

On 14 June The Acting President Osibanjo, Senate President, Speaker of the House and Chief of Defence Staff met several Northern leaders including Ibrahim Coomasie (Arewa Consultative Forum (ACF), Ango Abdullahi (NEF), former Sokoto State Governor Aliyu Wamakko, former Plateau State Deputy Governor Pauline Tallen, a former Minister from Benue State Dr Paul Unongo, publisher of Leadership newspaper Sam Ndah-Isah, Liberty Radio and TV Chairman Tijani Ramalan and Editor of Daily Trust newspaper Dan Ali. On the 14th he met eastern political leaders, on the 16th he met Eastern traditional rulers and on the 18th traditional rulers from the North

International: Curiously there was muted international response, although the local UN coordinator immediately called for tolerance, the US and UK remained silent until almost 2 weeks later, when the British High Commission commended and supported the Acting President’s response to the issue and called for calm and reconciliation

IPOB: reacted with barely restrained glee, thanking the coalition for the ultimatum and urging Igbos to return to the East

Social media: whilst social media is an imperfect tool, there were curious patterns in the response, whilst there were many jubilantly supportive posts for the ultimatum from non Igbos in public forum and timelines, curiously there was muted support on purely Northern forums or timelines.

Analysis

Verbal and physical attacks on Igbo’s have been fairly consistent throughout the life of Nigeria, anti Igbo riots or pogroms date from 1945 and almost all of them were linked to events external to the participants. The riots of 1945 were sparked by a quarrel between Hausa and Igbo traders, however took place during agitations by southern (mainly Igbo) politicians for independence from Britain as well as a general strike. The 1956 riots in Kano were in retaliation for Northern politicians being jeered in Lagos.

This practice has been continued and expanded in modern Nigeria with the perennial massacres in Plateau State and Kaduna State categorised as tribal or religious but are really struggles for political positions. Clashes in Igboland classed as cult wars are also political battles.

Thus in the context of Nigerian politics the anti Igbo invective and even the ‘quit notice’ ultimatum are not unique, this exact same coalition issued the exact same ultimatum against Igbo’s 2 years ago, however this time they have managed to gather political and media attention due to the neo Biafran agitation.

When the personalities involved are taken into account as well as the uncertainity occasioned by President Buharis ill health and the behind the scenes jockeying for power in advance of the 2019 elections, one can postulate that a group of politicians have commissioned this a coterie of professional ‘activists’ to issue the ultimatum. The key question is to what end?

Why- Different Scenarios

There are several different ways politicians can exploit this situation:

Peacemakers: certain politicians will exploit the situation to act as ‘peacemakers’, defusing the crisis, giving them national prominence and credibility as well as attract patronage

Kite flyers: the ultimatum could also be seen as a kite flyer, in which politicians wish to test the national mood and see if an anti Igbo campaign or pogrom would energise their base or at least intimidate their opponents.

Mobilisers: if the people overtly and covertly behind the ultimatum act on their threats and begin action against Igbo people, that ability to mobilise ‘the street’ as it were is a valuable commodity that can be marketed to anyone with political aspirations to utilise their foot soldiers to campaign or rig elections.

Chameleons: whilst anti Igbo rhetoric sells well in many quarters, Igbos are electorally insignificant. With only 5 states all of which are under the control of venal, political godfathers, there is almost no reason to actively campaign in Igboland as long as a candidate has reasonably broad support in the west and north.

Igbo populations in the Northern states are equally electorally insignificant, neither voting nor supporting parties or candidates as a bloc. However under the cover of anti Igbo riots or demonstrations, politicians could attack political, religious or tribal rivals, either to ethnically or politically cleanse an area prior to an election or intimidate the electorate and rivals.

Checks and balance: the sit at home protest by Kanu’s IPOB was a strategically brilliant move. Whilst IPOBs leadership has been happy to exploit the Nigerian authorities penchant for lethally overreacting to the slightest challenge and utilise the deaths of their members to maximum propaganda advantage, this tactic has thus far not got them any where. The Sit at Home on the other hand deprived the Security Forces of people to shoot or arrest but amply demonstrated the reach of IPOB, elevating Kanu’s status. The coterie of Eastern and other politicians who have flocked to visit Kanu are also visible demonstrations of the the mans perceived power. The ultimatum could simply have been a response from other groups of politicans to demonstrate that they still retain the trump card of a pogrom to keep the Igbos in general and other political opponents in particular in check.

Pre emptive strikers: In Nigeria’s lexicon of rotational Presidency, only the South East has not yet produced a President. Whilst Igboland is currently run by a coterie of extremely corrupt and incompetent political leaders vying to be the Igbo consensus candidate, non of them has truly broken out of the pack and declared their intentions beyond the Imo State Governer, who appears keen to leverage his successful gamble at supporting APC and President Buhari to being an APC Presidential nominee.

However this is complicated by the fact that the last Northern President died in office and was succeeded by a man from the South South, whilst the current Northern President is extremely unwell and even if he survives could conceivably step down prior to the next election. Logically APCs next candidate would be the Vice President (from the South West), if he won a term by himself and stood for another term them it would mean that the South East having waited 28 years since the inception of the 4th Republic and would definitely get the next candidacy.

Amongst some Northern politicians there is the belief that they have been twice cheated by the south in general and Yoruba’s in particular, with Obasanjo imposing the sickly Yar Adua and now a sickly Buhari potentially succeeded by another Yoruba.

In order to stake their claim in the short term to a Northern candidacy in 2019 (in the event of President Buhari’s demise or resignation) or in the long term in 2027 or beyond, threatening the Igbos has the dual benefit of scaring them out of agitating for their ‘turn’ and also puts the Yoruba political elite on notice.

Coupists: a favoured tactic in Africa is to create crisis in order to declare national emergencies and thus suspend the Constitution or impose martial law, allowing the existing elite to rule indefinitely and define all their opponents as enemies of the state.

In another scenario, creating a crisis, with killings and mass displacements would create such a crisis for the Government, that the military could conceivably overthrow the government ‘to restore order’.

Ungovernable: a variation on the theory above is to create a crisis which makes the country ungovernable, creating a narrative of incompetence, insecurity and failure (considering the state of Nigeria, one needs extreme measures to make anyone notice anything different). The government would then be overwhelmed and politically vulnerable.

Summary

Whilst Igbo bashing and anti Igbo pogroms have been part and parcel of the Nigerian political landscape, behind every massacre is a disgruntled politician or a political opportunity.

This situation is no different.

For Northern politicians President Buhari’s ill health has created a political vacuum opening the possibility that a canny politician could usurp the Vice President as a ‘Northern consensus candidate’ or at the very least build up sufficient momentum that they can convert to patronage in order to step aside.

For Eastern politicians with Presidential ambitions this situation gives them a radical element, they can claim to have ‘controlled’. For local elections IPOB provides foot soldiers for rigging and intimidation.

It is perhaps instructive that Osita Chidoka who drove Kanu from prison, left PDP and joined a smaller party the UPP and announced he was running for Governor a few days later

Whilst this might seem like business as usual unfortunately it is not. There are many IPOB true believers for whom ‘Biafra or death’ is a reality. Likewise there are many Northern supremacists for whom the uppity Igbo’s need to be put in their place.

There are many variables in play here with multiple outcomes, three of the most important are President Buhari’s health, memories of 1966 and the unpredictability of IPOB.

Whilst IPOB neither has the capacity or capability for violence or retaliation outside of the East, it does have the ability to make the South East and South South ungovernable (at least for a little while), which threatens oil production.

Conclusion

Acting President Osibanjos’ has responded promptly qith a series of conciliatory actions such as a sympathetic speech in the run up to the Sit At Home protest as well as meeting leaders from all Regions after the ultimatum.

These actions indicate the beginnings of a new approach to agitation around the country how much it resonates with the political elite is questionable.

The feelings of marginalisation in Igboland that feed neo Biafran agitation are on the surface simply symptoms of the abject failure of governance that pervades Nigeria, however greatly exacerbated by the history of the 1966 pogroms and Civil War.

As an alternative to secession many have stated that this is an opportunity to restructure the Federation in order to try and address some of the inequities of Nigeria, in the eyes of Nigeria’s venal and incompetent political class this could simply be an opportunity to get more contracts and appointments.

The seriousness of this situation is yet to be ascertained but the lessons of the Niger Delta and Boko Haram are there to be learned.

Posted in Geopolitics, Nigeria Defence, Nigeria Strategy, Terrorism | Tagged , , , , , , , , , | 1 Comment

NORTHERN NIGERIA INTERNAL SECURITY SITREP- Week Ending 10 June 2017

Situation North East (Adamawa, Borno and Yobe States)

04 June

The NSCDC BORNO State Command stated it had deployed 600 personnel to guard worship centres in MAIDUGURI, BORNO State and increased surveillance of motor parks and other areas

05 June

The Army announced that the Director of Military Intelligence and Army Provost Marshall would be investigating allegations of misconduct by security personnel in BAMA IDP Camp

06 June

The NSCDC recovered 2 food trucks from suspected Boko Haram members in MAINOK, KAGA LGA, BORNO State follow a tip off. The people with the vehicle reportedly fled into the bush upon being sighted

07 June

Gunmen occupied ALIDAWARI Village, JERE LGA via MOLAI, JERE LGA around 3. 00pm.Despite warnings to the security forces they attacked towards JIDDARRI POLO, MAIDUGURI, BORNO State around 5.55pm with AAA guns, small arms, PBIEDs and IEDs. They were repelled by NPF SARS and elements of 7 Div, retreating via ALI DAWARI.

Whilst the attack was underway 1 x female and 3 x male PBIEDs infiltrated from the east along the MAIDUGURI- DIKWA-GAMBORU Road axis, with the first detonating outside a mosque opposite the College of Agriculture in GONI KACHALLARI Village, JERE LGA as evening prayers ended killing himself and 6 others and wounding 18 around 8.45pm. The second detonated in the CHAD Basin Development Authority (CBDA) Compound around 9.20pm killing himself and 3 others, whilst the third detonated outside the compound killing himself and one other. A rapid counter attack by police and military with air support defeated the attackers. 4 others were killed and 6 more wounded in the fighting. 3 enemy were killed and 1PBIED was captured, 3 x AK 47s, IEDs and hand grenades were also captured. Local residents fled the area

08 June

The Vice President Yemi OSIBANJO visited MAIDUGURI, BORNO State to launch the distribution of 1.032 trucks of relief materials including 30,905 tons of maize, sorghum and millet to victims of the North East crisis.

A suspected PBIED was shot dead in the vicinity of JIDDARI POLO, MAIDUGURI

An explosion in FADAMAN RAKE Village, HONG LGA, ADAMAWA State 7.00pm. A man in a Toyota Starlet allegedly stopped and gave a bag to a child to give to his father the bag detonated as the children were going home, killing 2 children and wounded 4 around

10 x gunmen mounted on motorcycles attacked HAMBAGDA Village, GWOZA LGA, BORNO State. They ordered the villagers to assemble, but they fled. 12 were captured, with 4 murdered with bladed weapons, 6 abducted and 2 escaped. The attack was apparently in reprisal for the capture of a Boko Haram commander named Adamu RUGURUGU, who the villagers had reported to the military for his incessant attacks

09 June

The ADAMAWA State Command of the NSCDC rescued a 19 year old woman with an 8 month old baby who allegedly escaped from the SAMBISA Forest. The lady stated she was abducted from MUBI, ADAMAWA State in 2014

Gunmen attacked HUMBLI Village, MADAGALI LGA, ADAMAWA State

A General Court Martial sitting at 7 Div, HQ, MAIDUGURI, BORNO State sentenced a Sergeant to reduction in rank for desertion, a Lance Corporal to death for murdering a captured Boko Haram suspect and a Private to 15 years imprisonment for aiding and abetting the murder. A Corporal was reduced to Private for assault and a Private sentenced to 2 and 5 years imprisonment for stealing 641 x7.62mm (AK) rounds

10 June

Gunmen attacked YALE Village, KONDUGA LGA, BORNO State with small arms overrunning a checkpoint killing 2 vigilantes and wounding 1 other

Gunmen attacked KUDA KAYA Village, MADAGALI LGA, ADAMAWA State 2 km from GULAK, around 8.00pm with small arms to steal food and medicine whilst local people fled, they were engaged by local hunters until elements of 28 TF Bn arrived to push them out

Boko Haram released a 23 minute video allegedly showing the attack on MAIDUGURI. It also featured an unidentified man (filmed from neck down) standing atop piles of captured equipment, ammunition, clothing and personal effects, followed by SHEKAU speaking in Kanuri, Hausa and Fulani

Situation North West (Jigawa, Kaduna, Kano, Katsina, Kebbi, Sokoto and Zamfara States)

04 June

Approximately 12 gunmen abducted 7 people in the vicinity of KAKAU,CHIKUN LGA, KADUNA State. 3 managed to escape leaving 3 men and 1 woman as they were taken into the bush

05 June

One of the people abducted near KAKAU was released following a ransom payment

Up to 5 gunmen robbed a man coming back from his farm at a fake checkpoint set up in the vicinity of KWANAN RUWA, CHIKUN LGA, near BURUKU along BIRNIN GWARI Road, KADUNA State

06 June

The British Military Assistance Training Team (BMATT) is to commence a 6 week training programme for NAF Regiment personnel on Force Protection at the NAF Regiment Training Centre, KADUNA, KADUNA State with 66 personnel training the students alongside the Basic Regiment Airmen’s Course

07 June

Up to 30 gunmen abducted over 20 people from 8 vehicles in the vicinity of AKILIBU Village, KACHIA LGA, KADUNA State along ABUJA-KADUNA Road around 12.30pm

08 June

DANGOMA, GOSKA, AMBAM, BAKIN KOGI, UNGUWAR FARI, UNGUWAR BAK and GERTI  Districts in JEMA’A LGA, KADUNA State signed a peace deal under the auspices of an NGO the Global Peace Foundation, NIGERIA in UNGUWAR FARI, KANIKON chiefdom

09 June

A soldier shot a youth who was allegedly working on the gutter near Command Secondary School, Nnamdi Azikiwe Way, KADUNA, KADUNA State around 9.00am leading to violent demonstrations in which 2 demonstrators were killed and 1 wounded police vehicle was burnt

Gunmen abducted 4 people along KADUNA-BIRNIN GWARI ROAD, KADUNA State

Elements of the NPF, KANO State Transport Road Agency, NSCDC and Hisbah searched SABON GARI Market, KANO, KANO State for illegal drugs and hospital equipment resulting in the death of 2 people

The KANO State Police Command stated it had dismantled several car theft syndicates and arrested 5 x suspected armed robbers in KUNTAU Village, DORAYI BABBA, GWALE LGA recovering 2 x vehicles, GWAGWARWA Quarter, NASSARAWA LGA, recovering 1 x Golf wagon, TSAMIYA BABBA, in GEZAWA LGA, with 2 x vehicles recovered.

3 of the group of over 20 people abducted along KADUNA-ABUJA Road were released by their abductors in the vicinity of RIJANA, KACHIA LGA, KADUNA State following a ransom payment by their families. The released abductees claimed that the kidnappers had over 30 people in captivity, were well armed and well organised between the ages of 22 and 35 and that they had murdered 2 passengers who resisted on the day of the abduction and subsequently murdered 2 others and raped some of the women

Gunmen abducted Salisu ISAH (Member of the KADUNA State House of Assembly for MAGAJIN GARI) heading to BIRNIN GWARI from KADUNA in between KADUNA International Airport/ NDA Roundabout and BURUKU

DCP Ahmad ABDULRAHAMAN of the KADUNA State Police Command issued a statement denying there had been any abductions on KADUNA-ABUJA Road

10 June

The abducted KADUNA State Assembly member, Salisu ISAH was released in the morning

1 Div, KADUNA states that it is investigating the alleged killing of a young man by a soldier at Command Secondary School, CHIKUN LGA, KADUNA

Situation North Centre (Abuja FCT, Bauchi, Benue, Gombe, Kogi, Kwara, Nasarawa, Niger, Plateau, Taraba States)

05 June

TARABA State Governor Darius Dickson ISHAKU stated that Boko Haram members were infiltrating BALI Forest and GASHAKA GUMPTI National Park in the state, whilst hosting Commander 23 Bde, Brig Gen Bello Abdullahi MOHAMMED

06 June

The trial of Senator Ali NDUME on 4 terrorism related charges in Federal High Court, ABUJA, FCT resumed with the Senator giving testimony, in which he stated that any contacts or information he received from Boko Haram were shard with the DSS and the former Vice President Namadi SAMBO. Ruling was adjourned until 04 July 2017. The trial began in 2011

The Federal High Court, ABUJA discharged Usman ABUBAKAR who was charged along with 7 others (AL BARNAWI et al) with terror charges related to 6the murder and abduction of 7 foreigners in BAUCHI State in February 2013. The Prosecution had informed the court of 05 June that it had no evidence against the accused but added two more defendants Mohammed SANI and Abubakar HABIB

09 June

The NPF have arrested 2 men with 1 x AK 47, 21 x 7.62mm (AK) and IED components in LOKO LGA, NASARAWA State, who confessed to being members of a 6 man armed robbery gang

10 June

Gunmen abducted a lawyer Barrister Franc UTOO in the vicinity of Chambian Plaza, GWARIMPA, ABUJA, FCT

Situation External (Rest of the World)

04 June

Up to 50 Camerounian airmen blocked Route Nationale 1 in the vicinity of ZIGUE, LOGONE ET CHARI Department, EXTREME NORD Region in protest over alleged unpaid salaries. Following mediation by senior commanders, they returned to the barracks. They were subsequently arrested and transferred to YAOUNDE

06 June

FRANCE has proposed to the UN Security Council that it supports the G5 Sahel Force in order to eradicate organised crime and Islamist groups

The UN Secretary General Antonio GUTERRES is to visit the Lake CHAD Basin countries sometime prior to the UN General Assembly meeting in September 2017

07 June

2 x female PBIEDs detonated in GALBI Quarter, MORA, MORA Arrondissement, MAYO SAVA Department, EXTREME NORD Region, killing the attackers and wounding 2 others. The attackers were reportedly a woman and a pre teen girl

08 June

US Senators Cory BOOKER and Rand PAUL have written to the US Secretary of State Rex TILLERSON, to oppose the $600m, A29 Tucano deal over concerns over human rights violations by Nigerian forces

09 June

2 x PBIEDs detonated in KOLOFATA, MAYO SAVA Department in the morning, killing only themselves

A PBIED detonated in the vicinity of BOUVARE, KOLOFATA Arrondissement at night killing only themselves

A PBIED infiltrated the BIR base in KOLOFATA a night killing themselves, 1 soldier and wounding 2

Posted in Counter insurgency, Defence, Nigeria Defence, Nigeria Strategy, Stabilisation, Terrorism | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , | 3 Comments